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THEORY: object raising

From:Thomas R. Wier <trwier@...>
Date:Friday, December 17, 2004, 3:35
> "Thomas R. Wier" <trwier@...> writes: > > Henrik wrote: > > > So in my original post, I a) wanted to point out that Qthen|gai has > > > no means of doing this (yet), b) was searching for an example of > > > object raising. > > > > Not sure if this helps you, but in English such a verb would be > > "believe". One standard test showing this is so is active-passive > > synonymy: > > > > Sargon believed Lugalzaggesi to have ruled many peoples. > > = Sargon believed many peoples to have been ruled by Lugalzaggesi. > > I don't think this is object raising, it's subject-to-object raising, > too, since in your first sentence, you applied that very raising operation > and in the second, a passive construction to the same original sentence, > namely
Maybe I didn't understand the question then. You asked for "object raising", and in all the standard syntactic literature, the construction I gave is called object raising. The terms refer to the position *to* which an NP is moved (or has a dependency, or whatever), not from which it is moved, because in the generative tradition grammatical relations are derived rather than primitive. I suppose if by object raising you mean underlying objects raising to some other position, passives and unaccusative verbs are normally analyzed this way. Another possibility under some analyses would be tough movement: a. Constantinople is difficult to sack. b. It is difficult to sack Constantinople. where in (a) the NP "Constantinople" in some respects appears to act like an underlying object moved to subject position. (Though note there also doesn't seem to be a consensus on how to treat tough-movement constructions, so this is perhaps not the best example.) ObScure: in Meskwaki, tough-movement constructions also apply to subjects. Thus, the equivalent of "The Meskwaki are difficult to like the French" would be licit. (In point of fact, the Meskwaki have never forgiven the French for trying to exterminate them three centuries ago.) BTW, I'm off to see an exhibit of Precolumbian and East Asian art at the Kimbell Art Museum in Ft. Worth tomorrow, and I won't be back until Sunday. I will probably not be responding to any email until then. ========================================================================= Thomas Wier "I find it useful to meet my subjects personally, Dept. of Linguistics because our secret police don't get it right University of Chicago half the time." -- octogenarian Sheikh Zayed of 1010 E. 59th Street Abu Dhabi, to a French reporter. Chicago, IL 60637


Henrik Theiling <theiling@...>