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Aelya Verbal System

From:Aidan Grey <arachnis@...>
Date:Wednesday, January 26, 2000, 6:51
I'm actually making progress on Aelya! I'm so excited!

Tonight, with help from a friend (which do you like better for the past tense
of eg-i-?), I got the verbal system mostly hammered down. Here's a breakdown
   I haven't figured out if there are conjugation classes yet - I'm just gonna
derive the verbs and see if a pattern develops. But here are examples (which
will be used throughout the conjugation) of VC and CC verbs (describing the
initial and final letters of the verb). The thematic vowel for each verb is
derived from the OI form, and indicated by hyphens on either side. I'm
supplying the 1sg, 2, and 3sg forms (including the 'extra' 3sgmasc and 3sgfem
forms, in that order, after 3sg). Note that so far, I haven't been able to
find any verb roots that end in vowels.

Present: includes the progressive
    no change to stem, just addition of personal endings after thematic vowel
    agdh-a- 'to fear' > agdhan, agdhas, agdha, agdhe, agdha
        (dh = /D/ or edh)
    ail-e- 'to nourish' > ailen, ailes, ail, aile, aila
    per-e- 'to say' > peren, peres, per, pere, pera
    sen-e- 'to play' > senen, senes, sen, sene, sena

Imperfect: habitual or continual action in the past
    augment i- and lenition/aspiration, note that surface form of i- is often

    agdh-a- > egdhan, egdhas, egdha, egdhe, egdha
        (no lenition because no initial consonant, only umlaut?? of a- > e-)
    ail-e- > eilen, eiles, eil, eile, eila
        (or something else, I'm not sure about what happens to 'umlaut'ed
    per-e- > epheren, epheres, epher, ephere, ephera
        (p > ph /f/)
    sen-e- > eshenen, eshenes, eshen, eshene, eshena
        (s > sh /S/)

Future: as usual
    formed with v/u suffixed before them vowel. 'v' was originally a voiced
bilabial fricative before it became labiodental, hence the 'u'.

    agdh-a- > agdhun, agdhuns, agdhu, agdhu, agdhu
        (I don't know how to do the 3sgmasc and fem forms here)
    ail-e- > ailven, ailves, ailu, ailve, ailva
        (no problem mutating thematic V to form fem form)
    per-e- > perun, perus, peru, per, peru, peru
        (again with the masc and fem forms)
    sen-e- > senun, senus, senu, senu, senu
        (I think - I'm not sure what -nv- would do, and I don't like -nw- *at
the moment*)

Perfect: completed action, though I'm not sure if I need past, present, and
future forms - I think one will be enough.
    formed with -t/d-. Not sure when T should show up, since it would
assimilate voice from previous sound  - prolly after c,t,p,lh,rh,f, etc. Duh!

    agdh-a- > agdan, agdas, agda, agde, agda
        (dh+d = d)
    ail-e- > ailden, aildes, ailde, ailde, ailda
    per-e- > perden, perdes, perde, perde, perda
    sen-e- > senden, sende, sende, sende, senda

Subjunctive: wishes, irrealis, imperatives (jussively), potential
    formed with -s- or them vowel change (a>i, e>a). haven't figured out all
the rules that differentiate which is used when.

    agdh-a- > agdhin, agdhis, agdhas, agdhas, agdhas
        (s for 3sg, V change for rest - how to do the masc and fem?)
    ail-e- > ailsen, ailses, ailse, ailse, ailsa
        (or maybe with ls> lh, voiceless l? ailhen, ailhes, ailhe, ailhe,
    per-e- > persen, perses, perse, perse, persa
        (again with mutation of rs > rh, voiceless r: perhen, perhes, perhe,
perhe, perha)
    sen-e- > sensen, senses, sense, sense, sensa
        (as above! ns>nh for senhen, senhes, senhe, senhe, senha)

    Pronominal objects are usually prefixed (same characteristic sounds as
subject endings - I think) but can be suffixed as well. 'I fear you' would be
'sagdhan'. I'm thinking about how to handle the prefix orthographically still,
but it will prolly be a dot midline tween the verb and the prefix. 'You
nourish me'  is 'nailes'. 'he will speak it' is

    So, there it is. Any comments? Yeay that in 10 years working on this I
finally have it nailed down!