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OT: multiroot verbs, was: sorta OT: cases: please help...

From:Anton Sherwood <bronto@...>
Date:Friday, December 7, 2001, 7:18
> On Thu, 6 Dec 2001, Yoon Ha Lee wrote: > > And why *are* copulas highly irregular in those languages where they > > are? . . .
Tristan Alexander McLeay wrote:
> In English, it's because `to be' is a merger of three different verbs, > _béan_, _weran_ and something else that I've forgotten (I think, I could > be wrong about anything).
The IE roots are <es> (`be' timelessly), <wes> (`stay') and <bheu> (`grow, become'). Latin uses <es> and <fu>; French adds <sta> (`stand'), but that's still partly distinct in Italian (<essere>, <stare>, but <stato> for the participle of both) and fully distinct in Spanish. Another example of such cooperation is `go', in which English borrows the past tense of `wend'. (Why?) Romance combines three Latin roots: <i>, <vad>, <ambula>. -- Anton Sherwood --