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Re: USAGE: "deduct" as synonym for "deduce"

From:Mark Reed <markjreed@...>
Date:Friday, October 27, 2006, 13:27
Well, that was my question.  I am a native speaker, and imd they are
not synonyms, but I try not to assume that my lect is
all-encompassing. Without the historical data I didn't know if the
synonymous use was old and waning, new and waxing, or maybe regional.


On 10/27/06, Aquamarine Demon <aquamarine_demon@...> wrote:
> >>Well, I was looking it up because a correspondent referred to > "deducting" something from a web page. As he's a non-native speaker, I > assumed it was an error, but looked it up anyway, and there you go.<snip> > Note that I was speaking of the latter; I have never seen any examples of > the former, nor do my dictionaries list "deduct/subtract" as a meaning for > "deduce". > The -duc[et] words do seem to form a rather odd constellation, though.<< > > According to the lovely online edition of OED that my college lets me use > for free, decuct and deduce do indeed come from the same Latin root. From > the entry for deduct: > "[f. L. deduct-, ppl. stem of L. deducere to lead or bring down or away, > lead off, withdraw, f. DE- I. 1, 2 + ducere to lead, draw. Cf. DEDUCE: the > two verbs were formerly to a great extent synonymous, but are now > differentiated in use, by the restriction of this to sense 1.] > > 1. trans. To take away or subtract from a sum or amount. (The current > sense.) Now said usually of amounts, portions, etc., while subtract is > properly said only of numbers; but deduct was formerly used also of the > arithmetical operation." > > All the other senses (6 others in total) are marked obsolete. Even without > OED, though, most native speakers could tell you that deduct and deduce > are not used in the same way anymore. > > __________________________________________________ > Do You Yahoo!? > Tired of spam? Yahoo! Mail has the best spam protection around > >
-- Mark J. Reed <markjreed@...>