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Re: My set for an English sidestepping spelling reform:

From:Carlos Thompson <chlewey@...>
Date:Sunday, February 1, 2004, 23:24
I wrote:

> As proposed, I am using a combination of CV, (V)C and diacritic > symbols, plus a few lexemic symbols. I will use a semi-orthographic > rendering of the symbols:
[snip] Weel, here is the final rendering for a new spelling reform for English: It has 29 basic onset (CV) base symbols and 15 basic offset (VC) symbols. There are also several diacritics: diacritic 1 (a horizontal bar, which is actually the symbol for <he>) marks fricativization. diacritic 2 marks lenization of stops (voicing) or voicing of fricatives. diacritic 3 marks an /s/ sound clustering the consonant. Above diacritics can be used in both onsets and offsets. The onsets have four aditional diacritics marking a glide: /r/, /l/, /w/, and /j/. (The /j/ mark is basically only used on consonant-free onsets and it is not in the chart.) The offsets have a nasalization diacritic. There is a vowel shifting diacritic (dot bellow), for a total of 8 diacritics. Now, all (most, probably depends on dialect) vowels in English (British or American) can be set as a combination of the vowels of the onset and the offset, plus the vowel shift mark. There are three "tonic" vowels and one schwa for the onsets, and two semivowels and a null vowel for the offsets. I will call them respectively Ci, Ca, Cu; Ce; yC, wC; and C. I will represent the shifted onsets as Ci', Ca' and Cu' (Ca'=Co in the chart), and the shifted offsets as rC, yrC and wrC. Then: (word, British, American, representation) pit [pIt] [pIt] pi+t pet [pet] [pEt] pi'+t pat [p{t] [p{t] pa+t pot [pQt] [pat] pa'+t cut [kVt] [kVt] ku+t put [pUt] [pUt] pu'+t ease [i:z] [iz] i'+yz raise [reIz] [rez] ra+yz rise [raIz] [raIz] ra'+yz noise [nOIz] [nOIz] nu+yz lose [lo:z] [luz] lu+wz nose [n@Uz] [noz] nu'+wz rouse [raUz] [raUz] ra'+wz furs [f3:z] [f3`z] fu+rz stars [stA:z] [stArz] sta+rz cause [kO:z] [kOz] ka+wz fears [fI@z] [fIrz] fi+rz stairs [ste@z] [stErz] sti'+yrz cures [kjU@z] [kjUrz] ki+wrz happy [h{pi] [h{pI] ha+p + pe+y into [Intu] [IntU] i+n + te+w allow [@laU] [@laU] e + la'+w corner [kO:n@] [kOrn@`] ku'+rn + e+r This system shoud be phonetical, if a word has one of the above patterns for British than for American (or for any other dialect), it should be written using the pattern that is more akin to the respective dialect. For the consonants, the onset recognizes six basic consonants (all of them stops) plus the null consonant, plus the <he> symbol. The consonants are nominally: pV tV cV (chV) kV mV and nV; plus null consonant V (also ?V). The fricativation mark (-) acts on the oral stops, making them fricative. The fricativation mark is basically the <he> symbol superimposed. p-V = fV t-V = thV (voiceless) c-V = shV k-V = khV (rare in Native words) The lenisation/voicing diacritic (`) applies to the oral stops, or the fricativized stops. `pV = bV `tV = dV `cV = jV `kV = gV `p-V = vV `t-V = thV (voiced) `c-V = zhV Also the voicing diacritic over the null consonant onsets ?V, is equal to zV `V = zV The sibilant diacritic (s) is equal to preced the consonant with and /s/, and would precede any basic onset (but chV): sV = sV spV = spV stV = stV skV = skV smV = smV snV = snV The glides (^r,^l,^w,^y), is equal to cluster the respective glide between the base consonant and the vowel: pV^l = plV `pV^l = blV spV^l = splV p-V^l = flV `p-V^l = vlV etc. The non-nasal sonorants are basically the In principle you only have lenis or sibilant (or none), and only one glide. This should cover practically every consonant or consonant cluster that can be found in English. On the offsets, the basic consonants are the four oral stops, plus the consonant-free series: Vp, Vt, Vc (Vch), Vk; V. The fricative, the lenis and the sibilant diacritics apply: Vp = Vp, Vp- = Vff, `Vp = Vb, `Vp- = Vv, sVp = Vsp Vt = Vt, Vt- = Vth, `Vt = Vd, `Vd- = Vth, sVt = Vst Vc = Vch, Vc- = Vsh, `Vc = Vge, `Vc- = Vge, sVc = Vs Vk = Vk, Vk- = Vch, `Vk = Vg, sVk = Vsk V = V, sV = Vz The lateral glide <^l> can also be used on offsets. And there is a nasalization glide <~> applies to stops as following: ~Vp = Vmp `~Vp = Vm ~Vt = Vnt `~Vt = Vn ~Vc = Vnch ~Vk = Vnk `~Vk = Vng The complete set of symbols is: onsets: i pi ti ci ki mi ni a pa ta ca ka ma na u pu tu cu ku mu nu e pe te ce ke me ne he offsets: 0 p t c k y yp yt yc yk w wp wt wc wk diacritics: ' - ` s ^r ^l ^w ^y ~ (' in offsets will be written as r) A set of examples (taken from, are: pin : pi `~t bin : `pi `~t tin : ti `~t din : `ti `~t kin : ki `~t give : `ki `p- chin : ci `~t gin : `ci `~t fin : p-i `~t vim : `p-i `~p thin : t-i `~t this : `t-i sc sin : si `~t zing : `i `~g shin : c-i `~t measure : mi' `c- e 0r hit : -i t mock : ma' k knock : na' k thing : t-i `~k wrong : ^ra' `~k long : ^la' `~k wasp : ^wa' sp yacht : ^ya' t pit : pi t pet : pi' t pat : pa t pot : pa' t cut : cu t put : pu' t another : e `~t u t- e 0r (etim.) e nu t- e 0r (phon.) ease : i' sy raise : ^ra' sy rise : ^ra sy noise : nu sy lose : ^lu sw nose : nu' sw rouse : ^ra' sw furs : p-u s0r stars : sta s0r cause : ka sw fears : p-i s0r stairs : sti' s0r cures : ki swr happy : -a p pe y into : i `~t te w loch : ^la' k- allow : e ^la' w corner : ka' ~0r e 0r -- ka' 0r ^lu swc ta' ~p se `~t