Kench sounds/spelling, was: Kench declensions
|From:||Vasiliy Chernov <bc_@...>|
|Date:||Friday, June 9, 2000, 17:37|
On Fri, 9 Jun 2000 10:49:25 +0200, Christophe Grandsire
>Can you give a hint of the pronunciation?
Yes, indeed. And they'll apply to the rest of Para-British.
The phonology (and orthoepy) is basically English, idealized a bit.
I. e. it is a combination of features that probably don't occur
together in any particular accent. To use English examples:
<r> is pronounced in all positions, including cases like _there aRe_
<wh> differs from <w> and is never equal to <h>.
_hurry_, _berry_, _carry_, _mirror_, _furry_, _caring_ have different
_For_ is not homonymous with _fore_.
The unstressed vowel in _houses_ is [I] rather than [@].
However, all main accents of English are considered 'correct' on the
less formal level.
Indeed, I found the English spelling rules insufficiently 'conlangish'.
A few disambiguating conventions, thorn, and some diacritics were added.
(No, it wasn't the recent discussions of spelling reform that inspired
>I suppose the thorn stands for
>/T/ (do you have edh for /D/? or only thorn for both?),
No. 'Thorn' is [D], and <th> is always [T]. Edh is not used. Kench
evolved from a dialect that had all word-initial spirants voiced in
the 'Middle English' stage.
>and <e> in an
>ending stands for /@/ (by comparison with other Germanic langs),
Word-final <e> is silent (as in English, but more uniformly so).
>the diphtongs the same as English?
Yes, mostly. But <ow> is always as in _show_, words like _how_, _now_
would be spelled with <ouw>; <ei> is as in British (not American)
_either_ (the vowel in _eye_); <aa> is the stressed vowel in _father_;
<ea> is always as in _steal_, and <ear> always as in _clear_; <ough>
always sounds as in _drought_ (other readings are denoted <augh>, <uff>,
etc., since <gh> is always silent by itself and doesn't alter the
vowels, except for lengthening them); <oo> is always long.
A few remarks about diacritics (some of them occur in the Paternoster).
Grave means 'short despite open stressed syllable', acute - 'long despite
closed or unstressed syllable'. Diaeresis in <ü> denotes the sound in
_put_; with other vowels it overrides consonant context (in combinations
like <wa>, <all>, etc.) and has some other usages.
>and the <h> in <zhe> and <longhen>,
>does it stand for?
<zh> is [Z]; <ngh> was intended to denote non-final [N] (as opposed to
<ng> or <ngu> denoting <Ng>). Now I doubt if the spelling _longher_ was
correct (it seems that it should have been _longuer_, but _longhen_ is
Indeed, I haven't covered all topics...
>>6) Some pronouns:
>> I thou he it she we you they this
>>Nom. idge þouw hee hit hy wee yee hise þiss
>>Gen. mine þine hees hits har ouwer yewer hir þisses
>>Dat. meem þeem heem hittom har ouzom yewm him þissom
>>Ac.1 mee þee heen hits hay ouz yew hir þisses
>>Ac.2 mee þee heen hit hay ouz yew hise þiss
>Wow! Could you give a hint for their pronunciation?
IdZ Dau hi: hIt haI wi: ji: haIz DIs
maIn DaIn hi:z hIts hAr aU@r ju(:)@r h@:r DIsIz
mi:m Di:m hi:m hIt@m hAr aUz@m ju:m hIm DIs@m
mi: Di: hi:n hIts heI aUz ju: h@:r DIsIz
mi: Di: hi:n hIt heI aUz ju: haIz DIs