|From:||Rob Nierse <rnierse@...>|
|Date:||Monday, September 10, 2001, 12:49|
> FWIW, England, in her _A Grammar of Mam, a Mayan Language_
> writes (p. 26):
> "The glottalized occlusives are unit phonemes which contrast with
> plain occlusives plus glottal stop. Phonetically, /tz' ch' tx' ky'
> k'/ are ejectives, with glottal closure occuring simultaneously or
> preceding the onset of oral closure. /b' q'/ are implosives.
> /t'/ varies between ejective and implosive, depending on thespeaker.
> ejective and implosive, depending on the speaker. The imploded
> bilabial /b'/ is always voiced in initial or medial position, but
> is devoiced finally; /t'/ is voiced initially and medially, and
> devoiced finally; /q'/ is partially voiced initially and medially,
> and also devoiced finally."
Either this refers to the creaky voiced stop that replaces ejectives,
or to an implosive.
The /b/ in Yucatec Maya is said to be voiced ejective too.
Some say it is implosive and other maintain that it is pre-ejective or
pre-glottalized : [?b].
In the Lacandón dialect this /b/ wordfinal is pronounced [?].