Re: Person marking on nouns
|From:||Henrik Theiling <theiling@...>|
|Date:||Wednesday, December 28, 2005, 10:14|
"Ph.D." <phil@...> writes:
> Henrik Theiling wrote:
> > BTW: I made some extraordinary progress in S11 syntax
> > during the last few days! The current version of the syntax,
> > although not totally complete, is now LALR(1) parsable
> > meaning that I have a bison grammar for it. Yay! The best
> > thing is that it is almost my initial grammar sketch so that it
> > feels nicely esthetical to me. It took a while to convince
> > bison that to understand what I want, but now, I'm happy! :-)
> Is the S11 syntax on a web site somewhere?
There's an outdated version only, but it shows my intentions:
Sorry that it is still a bit messy. When I update, I'll have a
separate and short syntax overview.
Very brief: it is a head-last, topic-comment structure similar to
Japanese, but since the lang has only unary verbs, a normal clause
is a serial verb construction of the form:
S ::= N-Mood-V N-V N-V ... N-V.
I call the N-V combinations 'adverbs'. Maybe there will be a few
lexicon entries for single word adverbs, too. The first N is the topic.
The verbs and most affixes are clitics, so it is mostly the nouns that
start new words. Nouns and verbs are the same lexical category: each
one being one lexicon entry, but they have a different usage in a
As can be seen, an adverb with an incorporated mood (or evidence)
marker marks the beginning of a clause.
There are two forms of relative clauses: internally headed and
externally headed ones, the former for descriptive clauses, the latter
for restrictive clauses. Both nouns and verbs can be modified, since
they are the same category.
X' ::= S Resumptive_Pronoun
The topic of S is the modified X.
X' ::= S Relative_Pronoun X
This S has a gap for the topic filled by X.