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Re: Person marking on nouns

From:Henrik Theiling <theiling@...>
Date:Wednesday, December 28, 2005, 10:14

"Ph.D." <phil@...> writes:
> Henrik Theiling wrote: > > > > BTW: I made some extraordinary progress in S11 syntax > > during the last few days! The current version of the syntax, > > although not totally complete, is now LALR(1) parsable > > meaning that I have a bison grammar for it. Yay! The best > > thing is that it is almost my initial grammar sketch so that it > > feels nicely esthetical to me. It took a while to convince > > bison that to understand what I want, but now, I'm happy! :-) > > > Is the S11 syntax on a web site somewhere?
There's an outdated version only, but it shows my intentions: Sorry that it is still a bit messy. When I update, I'll have a separate and short syntax overview. Very brief: it is a head-last, topic-comment structure similar to Japanese, but since the lang has only unary verbs, a normal clause is a serial verb construction of the form: S ::= N-Mood-V N-V N-V ... N-V. I call the N-V combinations 'adverbs'. Maybe there will be a few lexicon entries for single word adverbs, too. The first N is the topic. The verbs and most affixes are clitics, so it is mostly the nouns that start new words. Nouns and verbs are the same lexical category: each one being one lexicon entry, but they have a different usage in a sentence. As can be seen, an adverb with an incorporated mood (or evidence) marker marks the beginning of a clause. There are two forms of relative clauses: internally headed and externally headed ones, the former for descriptive clauses, the latter for restrictive clauses. Both nouns and verbs can be modified, since they are the same category. IHRC: X' ::= S Resumptive_Pronoun The topic of S is the modified X. EHRC: X' ::= S Relative_Pronoun X This S has a gap for the topic filled by X. **Henrik