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More Lyanjen nouns and verbs

From:Matt McLauchlin <matt_mcl@...>
Date:Friday, September 29, 2000, 5:03
> > > Obconlang: how are units of time handled in conlangs? And I've been > > > wondering how many natlangs have 7-day "weeks," and what other > > > day-groupings are common.
The Shrislia have got six-day weeks, each named after a "mindskill" that they believe in. They are: ðeuða, from ðeug, "reason" (formation of theories based on available evidence and alteration or abandonment of those theories based on new evidence) nuiða, from nuid, "common sense" (a keen grasp of the obvious; ordinary wisdom, basic understanding) prúïnða, from pruïnd, "ethics" (taking the impact of one's actions on others into account) brenða, from bren, "memory" (using past experience as a guide) zaunða, from zaund, "intuition" (attention to one's instincts) narða, from nart, "creation/creativity" (willingness to explore new ideas)
>Is there any change of meaning resulting from the reversion of word >order?
Not of denotation, but of connotation. "Skic clairan" emphasizes that it is broken by person or persons unknown. "Clairan skic" means it's just one of those things.
>So if I understand correctly, with some verbs nom/acc marking is used >and >with other erg/abs marking? Does each noun and pronoun have four >distinct >core cases, namely nominative, accusative, ergative and absolutive, >or am I completely off the track here? Please enlighten me.
No. There are six cases: nominative, ergative, absolutive, genitive, locative, and dative. Nominatives are used to create intransitivity: Ia teuca. (I'm in love.) Ga erit. (It's red.) Ge subj. (She's up.) Ergative/absolutives are used to create transitivity: Iar teuca Cedon. (I love Shedo.) Gar erit clairan. (It paints the window red.) Ger subj skeziilan. (She moves the skezi-piece upwards.) (Genitives, locatives, and datives are completely different.) _________________________________________________________________________ Get Your Private, Free E-mail from MSN Hotmail at Share information about yourself, create your own public profile at