German [was Re: Sketch of Germanech 4/4: Syntax]
|From:||Thomas R. Wier <trwier@...>|
|Date:||Sunday, December 9, 2001, 5:04|
> > subjects of non-active intransitive verbs were in accusative case!
> Wow! Latin dialects did that!? I know some very few sentences in
> German that do that, and they vanish soon in Modern German:
> Mich friert. (Modern: Ich friere.)
> Mir ist Angst. (Modern: Ich habe Angst.)
Yeah. These are called unaccusative verbs, since under
most current analyses, the surface <mich> starts out at as a
compliment of the verb. The English word "freeze" operates
in the same way:
(1) The water froze. (Unaccusative)
*It(exp) froze the water.
(where "it" is expletive)
The man froze the water. (=Causative)
(2) The man laughed ("Unergative")
*It(exp) laughed the man.
*The comedian laughed the audience.
One possible piece of evidence against this are those
dialects of English where you can get an idiom chunk
(3) A cloud is coming up. (i.e., There will be a
It(exp) come up a cloud.
I don't know if the following is grammatical:
?The sky came up a cloud. (=Causative)
Or somesuch thing.
Thomas Wier <trwier@...> <http://home.uchicago.edu/~trwier>
"...koruphàs hetéras hetére:isi prosápto:n /
Dept. of Linguistics mú:tho:n mè: teléein atrapòn mían..."
University of Chicago "To join together diverse peaks of thought /
1010 E. 59th Street and not complete one road that has no turn"
Chicago, IL 60637 Empedocles, _On Nature_, on speculative thinkers