Re: Random |mormon| :-) (was: my proposals for a philosophical
|From:||Andreas Johansson <and_yo@...>|
|Date:||Sunday, January 26, 2003, 20:04|
John Cowan wrote:
>Andreas Johansson scripsit:
> > I meant, of course, that Tairezazh can't have non-initial /m/.
>Arrgh, and I thought "can't have non-final /m/" was such a k3wl konstraint,
>er, constraint. AFAIK there are no natlangs that put more restrictions on
>initial consonants than on final ones. A challenge!
> > Non-initial [m] occurs, but only as an allophone of /n/ occuring before
> > labial consonants. Eg _tshenp_ [tSEmp] "forest".
>Then perhaps it is better to say that there is only one final nasal,
>which is given the same place of articulation as the following consonant,
>or [n] if there is none.
That works beautifully if we use an andesque description with different
phonemic sets in different positions. But if we insist that this non-initial
nasal phoneme has to be identified with on of the contrasting initial pair
/m/ and /n/, it clearly must go with the latter, and the native (and
romanized) orthography assumes a such identification.
> This is what happens in Italian, although for
>historical reasons both "n" and "m" are used in spelling. But the
>nasal in "inferno", e.g., gets labiodental articulation. Does this
>work across morpheme/word boundaries, as it does in Italian?
Always across morpheme boundaries, usually across word ones. Prefices turn
formerly initial m- to -n-, too.
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