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Pre-Announcing New Language - Gôxd

From:Peter Kolb <peterwlkolb@...>
Date:Sunday, April 10, 2005, 4:32
>>>>* Tenses apply to verbs and even nouns; > >> Nice! I've played with this in some conlangs of mine. Actually, some >> allow tense markers on nouns, namely those that don't distinguish >> nouns and verbs: Qthyn|gai -- oops it's only one! Tyl Sjok, and I >> think Fukhian, also recently discovered to not distinguish nouns and >> verbs either, both don't have grammatical tense at all.
Noun tense is applied by root inflection and tensor (a specialisation of tense indicating a timeframe - near:non-historic, far:historic, static, simple, introverted:towards-present, extroverted:away-from-present, inverted) is by mutation of the primary accent (second main accent). I feel ambivelant over parts of this system - lets see. Some example with rough pronunciation and mostly correct spelling: Fear (basic): Kilol (fem) /,ke'lol/. Fear (nom.gnrl): Kilao /,ke'lao/. Fear (nom.gnrl.def): Kilãhao /,kel'iwhao/. Fear (nom.gnrl.static.entrnal.def): Kijllãhao /,kewSl'liwhao/. Free (basic): Nãwirer (anim) /,ni'werar/. Free (pro,col): Nãwosjuim /,ni'woSzuem/. Free (pro.col.infer): Nãwilosjuim /,niw'iloSzuim/. Free (pro.col.far.past.infer): Nãnwilosjuim. /,niwn'wiloSzuim/ *voiced 'w* A problem is that I haven't descided when the basic form should be used in preference to nominative or some other cases. Also, there are no complete set of rules for placing stress.
>> >> > >>>>* Five voices; >>>>... > >> >> >> Again, I wonder what those will be. The maximum I did was three, in >> Qthyn|gai -- no, wait, those are just syntactical re-organisations not >> changing focus, so they are no voices. Five seems a lot to me. >> >> Or are those 'voices' really triggers? >>
No mention of triggers. Voice is expressed through an affix to the functor (a word associated with the verb). Perhaps there is a better term than functor. The five voices are active, passive, antipassive, reflective, and reflexive. I was going to give the affixes but I am suddenly afflicted by a desire to normalise the functor formations. It is enough to say that for basic use they were -or, -ol, -orl, -oth (unvoiced th), and -ith (voiced th), respectively. Active: S does to DO. Passive: IO does to DO. Antipassive: DO does to IO & w/o S. Reflective: S does to S. Reflexive: O does to S. By the way, Gôxd /GowXthd/ (roughly) is not related to Gothic. The name means quest. The means for word formation is also incomplete. Off Topic: Still only able to send by WebMail thingymejiggywhatnottee. Are there any unwritten rules about sending to this list. Besides... <To: conlang@...> <Reply-to: conlang@...> No mail disposition, mail receipt, notice. No S/Mime Signature, No PGP/MIME Signature, or In ISO-8859-X or UTF-8 encoding. I know that sending mail works because I have done so frequently. I feel exceedingly frustrated. Peter Kolb.