Pre-Announcing New Language - GÃ´xd
|From:||Peter Kolb <peterwlkolb@...>|
|Date:||Sunday, April 10, 2005, 4:32|
>>>>* Tenses apply to verbs and even nouns;
>> Nice! I've played with this in some conlangs of mine. Actually, some
>> allow tense markers on nouns, namely those that don't distinguish
>> nouns and verbs: Qthyn|gai -- oops it's only one! Tyl Sjok, and I
>> think Fukhian, also recently discovered to not distinguish nouns and
>> verbs either, both don't have grammatical tense at all.
Noun tense is applied by root inflection and tensor (a specialisation of
tense indicating a timeframe - near:non-historic, far:historic, static,
simple, introverted:towards-present, extroverted:away-from-present,
inverted) is by mutation of the primary accent (second main accent). I feel
ambivelant over parts of this system - lets see.
Some example with rough pronunciation and mostly correct spelling:
Fear (basic): Kilol (fem) /,ke'lol/.
Fear (nom.gnrl): Kilao /,ke'lao/.
Fear (nom.gnrl.def): KilÃ£hao /,kel'iwhao/.
Fear (nom.gnrl.static.entrnal.def): KijllÃ£hao /,kewSl'liwhao/.
Free (basic): NÃ£wirer (anim) /,ni'werar/.
Free (pro,col): NÃ£wosjuim /,ni'woSzuem/.
Free (pro.col.infer): NÃ£wilosjuim /,niw'iloSzuim/.
Free (pro.col.far.past.infer): NÃ£nwilosjuim. /,niwn'wiloSzuim/ *voiced 'w*
A problem is that I haven't descided when the basic form should be used in
preference to nominative or some other cases. Also, there are no complete
set of rules for placing stress.
>>>>* Five voices;
>> Again, I wonder what those will be. The maximum I did was three, in
>> Qthyn|gai -- no, wait, those are just syntactical re-organisations not
>> changing focus, so they are no voices. Five seems a lot to me.
>> Or are those 'voices' really triggers?
No mention of triggers. Voice is expressed through an affix to the functor
(a word associated with the verb). Perhaps there is a better term than
functor. The five voices are active, passive, antipassive, reflective, and
reflexive. I was going to give the affixes but I am suddenly afflicted by a
desire to normalise the functor formations. It is enough to say that for
basic use they were -or, -ol, -orl, -oth (unvoiced th), and -ith (voiced
Active: S does to DO.
Passive: IO does to DO.
Antipassive: DO does to IO & w/o S.
Reflective: S does to S.
Reflexive: O does to S.
By the way, GÃ´xd /GowXthd/ (roughly) is not related to Gothic. The name
means quest. The means for word formation is also incomplete.
Still only able to send by WebMail thingymejiggywhatnottee. Are there any
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I know that sending mail works because I have done so frequently. I feel