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Structure of Silindion infinitives:

From:Elliott Lash <al260@...>
Date:Sunday, January 6, 2002, 2:42

Silindion infinitives are historically made up of three parts. Despite the fact that
these three parts have all fused into a single infinitive form, it is useful to
discuss the formation of infinitives from the standpoint that they are still
separate. The basic form of the infinitive is thus:

BASE+(<adjective suffix>)+-llo/-llë

The base bears the meaning of the verb. The adjective suffix is a highly variable
suffix which does not serve any real meaning in modern Silindion and indeed is
not found independent of the infinitive suffix &#8211;llo. The last part is the
infinitive suffix &#8211;llo, which has the allomorph &#8211;llë, when
attached to removable l/n stems.

There are various adjective suffixes, which are attached to the verbal bases to form
several different classes of infinitives. It is important to note however that
these &#8216;infinitive classes&#8217; DO NOT affect any other part of the

 a)-ye (attached to both Consonant stems and Vowel stems)
 b) Consonant stems sometimes have suffixes with copies of their medial vowel:
Sometimes the medial vowel is not copied, but another vowel is employed instead:
 <leir-aye>  &#8216;to praise&#8217;
This is due to etymological background. <leir-aye> comes from *layr-aye

a) -ye: consonant: <tad-ye> to rule > tañello
        vowel: <de-ye> to gather > dïello
  b) &#8211;eye: <peT-eye> to eat > pessïello
       -aye: <sal-aye> to burn > salïello
       -uye: <nkus-uye> to lose > kusïello
       -iye: <til-iye> to see > tilïello
       -oye: <ol-oye> to sparkle > olïello

a) -ya  (attached only to Vowel stems)
         Exeption: pay-ya &#8216;to watch&#8217;
b) Consonant stems sometimes have suffixes with copies of their medial (only
attached to stems of the structure [C]a/eC-): -a/e-ya

a) &#8211;ya: <le-ya> to shelter > lëallo
b) -aya:  <paT-aya> to diminish > passëallo
-eya: <nen-eya> to despair > nenëallo

3) Consonant Stem only Suffixes:
  a) -o (only attached to stems of the type [C]oC-)
        Exeption: fug-o &#8216;to run&#8217;
  b) -e (only attached to _SK stems)

a) &#8211;o: <ost-o> to breathe > ostollo
b) &#8211;e: <mersk-e> to hide > merskello

4) Stems with stressed medial vowel:
 a) -ye
 b) -o (only [C]oC-)

a) &#8211;ye: <sún-ye> to walk > súñello
b) &#8211;o: <róp-o> to guard > rópollo

6) Suffixless stems:
a) These are the consonant dropping stems such as:
<ran-> to hold > ra-llë
<yan-> to go > ya-llë
<kean-> to leave > këa-llë
<ul-> to gleam > u-llë
<hyan-> to age > hya-llë
<sil-> to shine > si-llë
<nel-> to give > ne-llë

And some EO_Stems:
b) <saneo-> to kill > sanëo-llo
<ilpeo-> to blow a trumpet > ilpëo-llo

Hope you enjoy! :)



Anton Sherwood <bronto@...>