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Isolating or synthetic

From:Benct Philip Jonsson <bpj@...>
Date:Tuesday, March 8, 2005, 14:30
Henrik Theiling wrote:
> Hi! > > Benct Philip Jonsson <bpj@...> writes: > >>Haendraeg isnerq: > > > Please don't write me with a 'd'. It's one of the endless fights in > my life telling people that my name is without 'd'. Give me the > phonology of your lang and let me chose another name, or use 'Henrik' > literally, or use any other obfuscation, but no d-raped version, > please! >
The straight translation would be _Vobsfrandaer_, which somehow doesn't feel right. Maybe it would be further reduced to _Vosfrandaer_ or _Vobfrandaer > Vofrandaer_ "House ruler". _Yofrahnel_ in the Kidilib dialect.
> Anyway |r| is [R], not [r], no no sandhi /nr/ => [ndr] here, please.
Well if you insist on the nasal you get _Haengaeg_ or _Hengig_ /hi\Nig/, if you insist on the [R] you get _Haeqaeg_ /h&G&g/ or _Heqig_ /hi\Gig/. The /G/ actually comes out as [R] for me most of the time. Sorry you feel bad about my sandhi rules!
> > >>>The whole thing will be polysynthetic again, I think, but that's >>>more of an accident: I started with an isolating lang, like above, >>>then made all the particles clitics that attach to the previous >>>word. This would yield the following words: >> >>Funnily I'm starting to think of going the opposite way >>with Sohlob! I can't get no satisfaction :) > > > I liked the polysynthesis of Qthyn|gai, and I want to explore more, > that's why I decided this.
It's no criticism of you, it is rather me who need to break free from my agglutinating habits!
>>WRT the local case system, and since I'm looking at Classical >>Chinese at the moment the idea of chucking the case system >>altogether came up, ... > > > Hehe. :-) When I learnt some Chinese, my next conlang was highly > influenced by it, too. :-)
The only problem I have with my book is that they give the modern Mandarin pronunciation of all Classical words, without characters, so everything tends to become _yu, wu_ or _zhi_ various diacritics, while the Middle Chinese and Old Chinise reconstructed forms look seriously cool!
>>Now the problem is how to keep the lang ergative/fluid-S if it is >>isolating? > > > I don't think so -- Tyl Sjok is fluid-S, too. > > >>Presumably intransitive sentences would be VP while >>transitive ones be AVP. > > > Hmhm. Tyl Sjok also has AV.
Perhaps the only way to go if you want to signal such a constituent order by word order! OTOH I'll need some device other than WO to signal emphasis and topic...
>>There is also the problem of justifying vowel harmony >>if the lang has no (grammatical) affixation! > > > That'd be strange, yes. Not really an isolating idea. :-)
Well I still can have derivational morphology, and the verb can keep the aspect marking by internal vowel change(*) that it now has. My idea is basically that Kejeb (the protolanguage) would have had 4-5 cases corresponding to the 4 possible syllable-final consonants plus vocalic ending, and that the lang lost nominal inflection by accident when those final consonants got lost. OTOH I only too easily can think of ways the nouns could have developed a new set of markers from adpositions. _Taeh_ as a Solosjan would say! (*) Historically a cjange in final vowel which gave different umlaut effects before disappearing.
> > **Henrik > >
-- /BP 8^)> -- Benct Philip Jonsson -- melroch at melroch dot se Solitudinem faciunt pacem appellant! (Tacitus)