|From:||Tom Tadfor Little <tom@...>|
|Date:||Wednesday, May 16, 2001, 20:01|
Iltârer verbs are inflected according to mood, tense, and person. There is
an infinitive and participles for each tense and mood. There are three
The moods are the most distinctive feature of the Iltârer verb system. They
represent a three-fold philosophical categorization of action as either
volitional, spontaneous, or fatal. These three perspectives on action are
considered complementary; in principle the same event could be described
using any of the three moods.
The volitional mood is used when the action is viewed as resulting from a
conscious choice. It is thus frequently used in conjuction with a human
subject in the agent case to indicate deliberate, intentional action. When
used with an inanimate subject, there is an implication of "divine will".
The spontaneous mood is used when an action seems to arise of its own
accord, neither willed by some obvious agent nor the inevitable outcome of
natural law. There are spiritual implications here as well, since
spontaneous action is associated with the deity ArKoko. The spontaneous
mood is also used for hypothetical, conditional, or uncertain statements.
The fatal mood is used when the action is viewed as resulting from
inevitable natural processes. It is most often used with inanimate subjects
in the simple case, and is the norm in describing periodic occurrences
(such as a sunrise) or statements supported by the force of logic. It can
also be applied to human subjects, as a literary mode conveying the idea
that our actions reflect deep patterns beyond our conscious control.
Scientific descriptions are almost invariable expressed in fatal mood.
There is no passive voice in Iltârer, but the fatal mood with a human
subject sometimes conveys a similar sense.
Consider the following examples:
_Mimê mimephilale a mîlpas an._ The poet wrote his thoughts. (Volitional
mood, agent case: the poet is viewed as intending and causing the writing.
This would be the usual way of expressing the idea.)
_Mime mimephilal a mîlpas an._ The poet wrote his thoughts. (Spontaneous
mood, simple case: the writing is viewed something that happened
spontaneously or magically.)
_Mimis mimephilal a mîlpas an._ The poet wrote his thoughts. (Fatal mood,
simple case: the writing was an inevitable result of natural process; this
description has a very "clinical" flavor.)
_Mimê mimephilal a mîlpas an._ The poet wrote his thoughts. (Volitional
mood, simple case: here the action is willed, but not by the poet; the
implication is of divine inspiration.)
Iltârer recognizes only the three simple tenses: past, present, and future.
Other aspects of tense may be indicated with modifiers or auxiliary verbs
or (more often) simply neglected.
There is a table of verb forms on the web at
Tom Tadfor Little firstname.lastname@example.org
Santa Fe, New Mexico (USA)
Telperion Productions www.telp.com