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Re: Azurian adjectival morphology (was: Azurian.)

From:Lars Finsen <lars.finsen@...>
Date:Friday, October 31, 2008, 15:28
Den 31. okt. 2008 kl. 09.40 skreiv Yahya Abdal-Aziz:

> You write: > "The definite and indefinite forms are different > only in the positive." > > Could you please let me know what "positive" means > in this context? - "positive" usually connotes an > opposing "negative", but there doesn't seem to be > any corresponding "negative" here.
Well, positive means having the property described by the adjective. Any negative would mean not having the property, I guess. Positive is the uncompared form of the adjective.
> Allow me to think in my L1 (English, Australian, > Urban Southern (Melbourne, Launceston & Adelaide) > for a moment. This English allows the following > (C=Comparative, S=Superlative, D=with Definite > article, I=with Indefinite article): > > CD: "Of those two boys, Mick is the better swimmer." > CI: "Mick is a better swimmer than John." > > SD: "Of all the boys, Jimmy is the best at swimming." > but not: > SI: *"Mick is a best swimmer than the other boys." > > Is this the kind of thing you have in mind when > you write on the webpage: > "The superlative only has definite forms"?
Yes, precisely. As for Azurian, though, even your first sentence (CD) would have a superlative.
> The options involved in comparisons may be different > individuals, as above; or different states of the > same individual, eg: > > CI: "After training with Lynne, John became a better > swimmer [than he had been]." > SD: "John is the best at swimming he has ever been." > > Would you expect Azurian to have the same flexibility > of reference?
Not precisely. The first syntax (CI) would be grammatical in Azurian, but not the latter. I believe they would rather use a comparison ("better than he has ever been"). I haven't worked out so much detail on this yet, though. LEF