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"To be" or not "to be"?

From:DOUGLAS KOLLER <laokou@...>
Date:Wednesday, February 9, 2000, 6:57
From: "taliesin the storyteller"

> AFMCL, the things symbolized by words all implicitly exist; marking that > something doesn't exist is done by prefixing ë- "non, not", saying that > something lacks or is empty is done by prefixing aì- "no, no amount of". > > ry bren > this car, this is a car > > ry ëbren / ëry bren > this non-car, this isn't a car, not-this is a car > (This would also be used for an illusionary car or imaginary car.) > > ry aìbren / aìry bren > this without-car, this is without a car, without this car > > And what about double negation? Beats me. Negating a noun-phrase does > not affect an eventual negation of a verb-phrase, well I'm not 100% sure > whether you negate *words* or *phrases* yet... If it was the latter I'd > expect all words in the phrase to be explicitly negated, at least if > following the head, as they agree...
If I understand you correctly, this is kind of the way Géarthnuns works. Negation falls on the nouns, but it's not a matter of saying that something is a non-something, it's just that negation is attached to the noun. E.g: I love my dog. Sí la chö ngarebsöt síteböt söl. I-positive present the-pos dog-acc/pos my-acc/pos love. I don't love my dog. Fí la vö ngarekhsöt fítekhöt söl. I-negative pres the-neg dog-acc/neg my-acc/neg love. All nouns within a given phrase must have the same "polarity". To shift polarity within a phrase, you need to use words like "and" or "but". The dog is not brown, but black. Vö ngarekhs la dvaurhökh, arzhö éfüb, nöi. the-neg dog-nom/neg pres brown-nom/neg, but black-nom/pos, be. The dog is black, not brown. Chö ngarebs la éfüb, arzhö dvaurökh, nöi. the-pos dog-nom/pos pres black-nom/pos, but brown-nom/neg, be. We gots both a copula and a word for "exist" which does double duty for "there is, there are" sentences. Kou