Re: Voicing sandhi
|From:||Andreas Johansson <and_yo@...>|
|Date:||Sunday, September 23, 2001, 11:00|
I should've added that /l m n r/ never causes a neighbouring consonant to
become voiced - Tairezazh treats these and vowels as "neutral" for the
prupose of voicing assimilation. The sandhi rules described below therefore
only apply to stops, affricates and fricatives. Of course, such make up most
of Tairezazh's phonemic inventory.
>I haven't found/taken the time to work much on Tairezazh's grammar or vocab
>the last few weeks, but I've done some strictifying up on the voicing
>Originally, voicing assimilation only occured within words - for instance
>the accusative ending /-s/ is realized as [-z] after voiced consonants
>('xcept for /z/, /D/ and /Z/, which causes it to appear as [-@s] instead).
>This recognized in writing.
>The definite article "ez" [Ez] becomes "es" [Es] before voiceless
>consonants, and "e'" [E] before /s/ and /z/. Many speakers also use [E]
>before /T D S Z/, but it's considered wrong to write things like _e' shaid_
>- it should be _es shaid_.
>The new thing I've introduced is that in some positions, the an initial
>consonant or cluster assimilates in voice with the final consonant of the
>preceeding word. This change is NOT to be recognized in writing. I've not
>decided exactly when this assimilation 'll take place, but adjectives
>following nouns are definitely on the list. Since another change kills off
>the first of two successive identical consonants, a phrase like _tsheint
>dzatsh_ "first love" now gets pronounced as [tSein tsatS]. Possessive
>pronouns 'll go the same way, so _tshond shai_ "your dream" is [tSOnd Zai].
>The final consonant of a preposition (if any) will probably assimilate in
>voicing with the first consonant of its noun. I'm undecided whether voicing
>sandhi'll kick in between two words of the same "importance" - is _daks
>draz_ "old (and) sad" to be pronounced as [daks draz], [daks traz] or [dagz
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