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Gendered animate nouns (was Re: FW: Nauradi)

From:Jörg Rhiemeier <joerg_rhiemeier@...>
Date:Wednesday, November 26, 2008, 19:58

On Mon, 24 Nov 2008 09:51:56 -0000, caeruleancentaur wrote:

> In Senjecas, most animate nouns are epicene, but there is a male or > female prefix if differentiation is necessary, e.g., amhes, bird; > iiamhes, hen; noramhes, cock.
Old Albic is similar in this regard. Most animate nouns are epicene and end in -a, e.g. _chvana_ 'dog', _cvasta_ 'human'. Yet, masculine and feminine forms can be derived from them by changing the final /a/ into /o/ for masculine or /e/ for feminine, e.g. _chvano_ 'male dog', _chvane_ 'female dog'. There are nouns, though, which are fixed in gender, e.g. _ndaro_ 'man', _sare_ 'woman'. Also, nouns for collective entities are fixed "epicene", e.g. _mbara_ 'city'; the forms _*mbaro_ and _*mbare_ do not exist. Inanimate nouns end in consonants and have no such gender derivations. ... brought to you by the Weeping Elf