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conlangs with LOTS of cases

From:Jörg Rhiemeier <joerg.rhiemeier@...>
Date:Friday, September 15, 2000, 1:35
Me govanen!

"H. S. Teoh" tetent:
> > On Wed, Sep 13, 2000 at 12:08:47AM +0200, Jörg Rhiemeier wrote: > [snip] > > ObConlang: > > > > What is the largest number of cases you ever built into one of your > > languages? > > Or the largest number of cases you ever heard of being used in any > > language, natural or constructed? > [snip] > > I just had a (wild?) idea... some of this is inspired by the conlang > Odonien, which uses postpositions as *optional* case markings. Now, since > the case marking is almost like a separate word, I can imagine how you can > derive arbitrarily complex case endings by compounding existing ones, or > modifying existing ones. (In fact, Odonien sometimes merges the case > particle with an adverb.) Using this method, you can construct as many > cases as you can imagine... > > E.g., say the locative case particle is "-ze" (blatant ripoff from Odonien > :-), and "zeng" = adverb, "in front of"; then "-zezeng" = locative case > denoting a place in front of something. Now you just need some syntactic > rules on how to form these compound case particles, and bingo! you have an > unlimited number of case endings! :-)
Nice! Reminds me at what I am planning to do in Proto-Quendian. Proto-Quendian (the protolanguage of an all but extinct hypothetical language family associated with the Bell Beaker civilization, of which Nur-ellen is one of the last surviving members, and on fragments of which Tolkien based his famous conlangs such as Sindarin and Quenya) will have a class of small words which I call "postpositional nouns", which function pretty much like postpositions, but are gramatically nouns. For example, "on the house" could be expressed as _mba:ro-dolessa_, lit. "at the top of the house" (_mba:ro_ partitive genitive of _mba:r_ "house", _dolessa_ locative of _dol_ "top". "Onto the house" would be _mba:ro-dolenna_ (_dolenna_ adlative of _dol_). One could also say "on the left side of the top of the house" by forming _mba:ro-dolo-haressa_ by adding _haressa_ (locative of _har_ "left side") to the partitive genitive of _dol_. Syld, Jörg.