Re: Different types of roots; temporary/permanent stative verbs?
|From:||daniel andreasson <daniel.andreasson@...>|
|Date:||Sunday, May 6, 2001, 10:47|
Eric Christopherson <rakko@...>
> Thanks for the very good explanation, Matt. Yeah, I think
> inherent vs. incidental (or "occasional" maybe?) is more
> like what I was getting at. So does anyone else have examples
> of how their langs distinguish the two?
In Rinya (which I've written about several times before)
descriptive verbs (traits if you will) have their argument
marked as either AGT or PAT depending on whether the trait
is inherent [individual level] or temporary [stage level].
josefin:PAT jinea -> Josefin is peculiar (born that way).
josefin:AGT jinea -> Josefin is peculiar (deliberately
trying to act up.)
karin:PAT carea -> Karin is funny (she's always been and
that's why we like her.)
karin:AGT carea -> Karin is funny (either she's trying to be
funny, or she actually *is* funny but she
lina:PAT linea -> Lina is beautiful (from birth).
lina:AGT linea -> Lina is beautiful (because she put her best
clothes on and put some make up on because
we're going to a party or something.)
I'll leave it to you guys to guess where the roots JIN-, CAR-
and LIN- came from... :)
<> Qheil rynenya alandea! <> email@example.com <>
<> Rinya lawea! <> Daniel Andreasson <>