Re: vowel harmony
|From:||Thomas Hart Chappell <tomhchappell@...>|
|Date:||Friday, December 9, 2005, 20:47|
On Mon, 5 Dec 2005 19:58:36 -0000, caotope <johnvertical@...> wrote:
>--- In email@example.com, Tom Chappell wrote:
>> On pp. 291-295, section 10.9 "Nasal Vocoid Articulation", Laver says
>> there are two degrees of nasality of vocoids in the Applecross
>> dialect of Scottish Gaelic. But his best evidence is in Palantla
>> Chinantec an Otomanguean Mesoamerican language -- he quotes a
>> reference whith a minimal triplet, ?e 'leach', ?e~ 'count', ?e~~
>> 'chase', all identical in tone. He also mentions Breton and Bengali
>> as well.
>Do you know what're the articulatory phonetics in play at here? Is it
>just about the degree of lowering of the velum or something more devious?
"... there is evidence from combined acoustic and cineradiographic research
that slight and heavy nasality is correlated with velic adjustments
producing different cross-sectional areas of the velopharyngeal opening
into the nasal cavity. Bjork (1961) showed that slight nasality correlated
with a cross-sectional area of about 60 square millimeters, compared with
areas of some 250 square millimeters for heavy nasality."
Bjork (1961) is L. Bjork, (note that should be o-umlaut), 'Velopharyngeal
function in connected speech. Studies using tomography and cineradiography
synchronized with speech spectrography.' Acta Radiologica (Stockholm),
supplement no. 202.
Tom H.C. in MI