Re: What do you call this?
|From:||Thomas R. Wier <trwier@...>|
|Date:||Tuesday, July 29, 2003, 22:50|
Quoting John Cowan <cowan@...>:
> Steg Belsky scripsit:
> > What do you call a word like "yes" "no" and "maybe"?
> "Truth value marker"?
Formally, they differ from language to language. In Old English,
_gea sie_ "yea, may it be" was an entire sentence. In modern
English, I would call "yes" and "no" affirmative and negative
discourse particles, respectively, since they are formally outside
the domain of the clause's syntax. "Maybe" might be better termed
"Yes, he can go" *"He can yes go"
"No, he can't go" *"He can no go"
"Maybe, he can go" "He can maybe go"
(My grammaticality judgements.)
Thomas Wier "I find it useful to meet my subjects personally,
Dept. of Linguistics because our secret police don't get it right
University of Chicago half the time." -- octogenarian Sheikh Zayed of
1010 E. 59th Street Abu Dhabi, to a French reporter.
Chicago, IL 60637