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R: Re: Sirmave part I: phonology

From:Mangiat <mangiat@...>
Date:Friday, January 5, 2001, 21:18
Marcus wrote:

> >Vowels: > > > >There are 15 vowel sounds (6 simple vowels + 5 allophones and 5 nasal > >vowels); native linguists still don't agree whether nasal vowels are > >independent phonemes or allophones of normal vowels appearing before the > >phoneme [n] + another consonant. (Could *you* help me to grasp this > >problem?) > > > > simple nasal > >high i u e~ u~ > >mid e Y o E~ o~ > >low a a~ > > Any reason Y is not nasalized?
As for now, I thought that the phoneme [Y] could have arisen from [o] when in open sillables... but I'm not sure; there are some other candidates: the old diphthongs eu and oi, i.e., but they could appear in closed syllables as well, and to get a stable system, then, I'd have to include [Y~] in the inventory; if I had an [Y~], then it'd be quite obvious that they are allophones.
> This could be part of the key for understanding whether nasalization is > phonemic or allophonic. If nasalization comes from VnC, then we need a > reason why Y cannot occur in this context. If nasalization is phonemic, > then the gap in the inventory is less remarkable. If I had to select one > vowel in the system that could not be nasalized, it would have been Y. > > >Stress > > > >Stress generally falls on the penultimate syllable. A syncope phenomenon > >levelled a lot the irregularities present in the older system ('CV1CV2CV3 > >often became 'CV1CCV3). > > Does that mean the stressed syllable was syncopated? That would be
unusual. The *unstressed* syllable in is syncoped. I wrote: ('CV1CV2CV3 often became 'CV1CCV3) where I marked the stress with a ' on CV1. Luca
> Marcus > > > > > > =============================== > Marcus Smith > AIM: Anaakoot > "When you lose a language, it's like > dropping a bomb on a museum." > -- Kenneth Hale > =============================== >