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WEB: check out "Conversational Maxims and Principles of Langua…"

From:J Y S Czhang <czhang23@...>
Date:Wednesday, April 10, 2002, 19:14
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Conversational  Maxims and Principles of Langua…</A>

~ from this article:

    Striking similarities can be observed between Grice's (1967)
conversational maxims and Tauli's (1968) principles of language planning: In
order to function well, a language must be such that it makes a well behaved
conversation possible. Nevertheless, many ethnic languages as well as
constructed interlanguages possess features which are incompatible with these
principles. The paper contains an analysis of such cases: The compulsory
expression of number and gender, which is in conflict with the principle of
facultative precision; ambiguity and lack of distinctiveness in the names of
the Latin letters; excessive length of certain morphemes; and restricted
freedom to place sentence constituents in a pragmatically adequate order. The
compulsory nature of certain distinctions, which cannot be understood on
functional grounds, is ascribed to an excessive activity of "universal
grammar", which is seen as one of the instincts of human beings. It is
further shown that some constructed interlanguages (Volapük and Interlingua)
clash with some of Greenberg's (1963) universals concerning the order of
meaningful elements. While Esperanto is free from that type of deficiency, it
is in conflict with the principle of facultative precision in the same way as
most ethnic languages of Europe, as distinct from those of East Asia.

Hanuman Zhang {HANoomaan JAHng} /'hanuma~n  dZahN/


"...So what is life for? Life is for beauty and substance and sound and
colour; and even those are often forbidden by law [socio-cultural
conventions]. . . . Why not be free and live your own life? Why follow other
people's rules and live to please others?..." ~Lieh-Tzu/Liezi, Taoist Sage
(c. 450- c. 375 BCE)

_Ars imitatur Naturam in sua operatione._ <from Latin> = "Art is the
imitation of Nature in her manner of operation." It turns out that Chaos is
nature's creativity: "The most beautiful order is a heap of sweepings piled
up at random." ~ Heraclitus, c. 500 BCE

~§~ jinsei to iu mono wa, kinchou na geijyutsu to ieru deshou ~§~
<from Japanese> = lit. "one can probably say that 'life' is a precious