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And don't forget CPA

From:Jörg Rhiemeier <joerg_rhiemeier@...>
Date:Monday, February 2, 2004, 20:41

As there is once again a discussion about the virtues and shortcomings
(especially the shortcomings, not much the virtues) of various ASCII-IPA
schemes, I'd like to remind the list about my own humble contribution
to the mess, namely, CPA (which, as a search in the CONLANG archive
showed me, not seems to have been mentioned so far).  I posted it
in November 2001, but I happily post it once again.



                CPA - An ASCII-based phonetic alphabet
                             Version 1.1
                       (C) 2001 Jörg Rhiemeier
                       Specification of symbols


       blb.  lbd.  dnt.  alv.  pav.  rfl.  plt.  vel.  uvl.  phr.  glt.

stop   p  b              t  d        t. d. c  J  k  g  q  Q        ?
nasal     m     M           n           n.   "n     N    "N
flap                        r           r.
l.flap                     *l          *l.
trill    "B                "r          "r.               "R
fric   P  B  f  v  T  D  s  z  S  Z  s. z. C "j  x  G  X  R  H  9  h "h
l.fric                  "l "Z       "l."Z.
appr           "v          *r          *r.    j    "w
l.appr                      l           l.    L    "L

click  p!          T!    t!                c!                  l!
impl      b`                d`                J`    g`    Q`
ejec   p`                t`          t.`   c`    k`    q`

Symbols for clicks, implosives and ejectives at other points of
articulation can be easily created analogously.

 W  voiceless labial-velar fricative
 w  voiced labial-velar approximant
"y  voiced labial-palatal approximant
"H  voiceless epiglottal fricative
"9  voiced epiglottal fricative
"?  epiglottal plosive
"c  voiceless alveo-palatal fricative
"z  voiced      "      "        "
"S  simultaneous S and x

{kp} double articulation

{ts} affricate

         Front     Central    Back

Close    i "u       *i *u    "i  u
              I  Y          U
Close-mid   e "o     *e *o   "e  o
Open-mid       E "O   *E *O  "E  O
                &       *a
Open              a "6       "a  6

Alternative symbols:  [y]=["u]; [A]=["a].


'      primary stress
,      secondary stress
:      long
;      half-long
^(     extra-short
-      syllable break
|      minor (foot) group
||     major (intonation) group
=      linking (absence of a break)
5 ^"   extra high
4 ^'   high
3 ^-   mid
2 ^`   low
1 ^=   extra low
> downstep
< upstep 24 ^v rising (optionally, [/]) 42 ^^ falling (optionally, [\]) << global rise
>> global fall
Diacritics ---------- _h voiceless _: breathy voiced _d dental _v voiced _~ creaky voiced _a apical ^h aspirated _m linguolabial _l laminal _) more rounded ^w labialized ~ nasalized _( less rounded ^j palatalized ^n nasal release _+ advanced ^G velarized ^l lateral release _- retracted ^9 pharyngealized ^7 no audible release ^: centralized ^~ velarized or pharyngealized ^x mid-centralized _^ raised _| syllabic _V lowered _` non-syllabic _< advanced tongue root ^r rhoticity _> retracted tongue root Additional symbols not included in IPA -------------------------------------- (mainly from Ladefoged & Maddieson, _The Sounds of the World's Languages_) 0 zero string of segments _M labiodental _. apical retroflex (if necessary to distinguish from sub-apical retroflex) ^m ^N prenasalized (^mb ^nd ^"nJ ^Ng, etc.) ^^ closed post-alveolar (hissing-hushing) fricatives ^"h alternative representation of breathy voice ^x ^G affricate click release ^? glottal click release _= strident vowels (double tilde below) _w simple labialization (not velarized) 7 velarized l (X-SAMPA [5]) *I *U central vowels slightly lower than [*i] and [*u] (X-SAMPA [I\], [U\]) *j U+027F reversed r with fishhook (resembles iota turned 180 degrees) i. U+0285 squat reversed esh (represents a retroflex vowel) ^s sibilant fricative; no IPA equivalent ^o whistled; no IPA equivalent Wild card symbols ----------------- These symbols can be used for whatever one needs a symbol for; they must be defined first, otherwise they are meaningless. # $ % arbitrary segment symbols, e.g., as shorthand for complex but frequent segments, or human-impossible sounds in non-human languages (may also be used as modifier characters instead to create a larger number of new symbols) ^# _# arbitrary diacritics ^$ _$ dito ^% _% dito ...brought to you by the Weeping Elf