Re: Absolute constructions
|From:||Rob Haden <magwich78@...>|
|Date:||Sunday, April 17, 2005, 16:04|
On Fri, 15 Apr 2005 15:00:05 -0000, caeruleancentaur
>In the most recent issue of "The Journal of Indo-European Studies" is
>an article entitled "Absolute Constructions in Slavic: Case Diversity
>and Orginality" by Daniela S. Hristova.
>It was fascinating to learn that different IE languages use different
>cases for their absolutes. Slavic uses the dative, Latin uses the
>ablative, Sanskrit uses the locative, and Greek the genitive. The
>purpose of the article was to demonstrate that absolute constructions
>in the Slavic languages were in the dative case and not some other
>construction. With her data, the author supports the assumption that
>absolute constructions in the daughter languages are inherited from
I agree. This thread inspired me to look more into the absolute
constructions of various IE languages. It seems that the different case-
endings were able to give different nuances or shades of meaning:
Genitive: durative 'while/as X...'
Locative: punctual 'with X...'
Ablative: resultative 'because of X...'
So, probably all the cases used in the daughter languages for absolute
constructions were used as such in IE.