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Re: Color morphemes

From:Herman Miller <hmiller@...>
Date:Friday, August 30, 2002, 4:58
On Wed, 28 Aug 2002 18:28:32 +0200, Pavel Adamek <pavel.adamek@...>

>> - pink/magenta >> - RED >> - orange >> - brown/tan >> - YELLOW >> - green >> - cyan/azure >> - BLUE/INDIGO >> - purple/violet > >I think that "pink" means "pale red". >"Brown" is "dark yellow, orange or red".
Pink can be light red without necessarily being pale, and tan is a light shade of brown. Probably the more relevant distinction for brown is low saturation. In any case, many languages have a basic word for brown, while "cyan" is a technical term not likely to be recognized (at least by most English speakers) as a distinct color.
>Colour is 3-dimensional, >so there should be also morphemes for its components: >"hue", "saturation" and "intensity". > >I think that >2 words for levels of saturation ("pale" and "deep") >and 2 words for levels of intensity ("dark" and "light") >will suffice.
You could even get by with 3 words: if a color is dark, its saturation is less noticeable, while light colors could be divided into "pale" and "bright". Jarda combines saturation and value into a single suffix, with six possible suffixes representing different combinations (see the chart at These optional suffixes can be added to one of 14 basic words for hues, for a total of 98 named colors ( For even more precise identification the suffixes can be combined two at a time to identify a color in the boundary area between two colors. In all, the Jarda color system can give names to 679 different colors, although most of them are never used (see for details). When representing the 14 basic Jarda hues in English, I call them red, copper, orange, gold, yellow, lime, green, turquoise, cyan, azure, blue, purple, magenta, and pink. (Tirelat has a simpler, and much less systematic, set of colors: -- languages of Azir------> ---<>--- hmiller (Herman Miller) "If all Printers were determin'd not to print any email password: thing till they were sure it would offend no body, \ "Subject: teamouse" / there would be very little printed." -Ben Franklin


Pavel Adamek <pavel.adamek@...>