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Re: All-noun langs, was: Syntaxy-Turvy

From:Steg Belsky <draqonfayir@...>
Date:Friday, June 30, 2000, 15:45
On Fri, 30 Jun 2000 10:29:20 -0400 Vasiliy Chernov <bc_@...> writes:
> I also toyed some time ago with other possible meanings of zero > copula > besides 'to be', including 'to do/make', 'to have', 'to belong to', > 'to be made/done by', etc. But I didn't have patience enough to > build > any big project. > > > Basilius
- Rokbeigalmki verb conjugation works by attaching a "subject-tense complex" to the front of a verb-noun root. KHAZ = sight AZ = i A = (present-immediate tense) AZA-KHAZ = i am seeing But by itself, a subject-tense complex can mean "to be" (like the basic zero-copula construction), "to do" (in the English 'empty verb' sense) "to be at", or even "to go" depending on the context. _"ta'wajhwa azá"_ = "i (am) (at this moment) at home" _"ha'eza-khaz?" "azá!"_ = "are you seeing?" "i am!" _"fawa ezoi'nyih-ktis?" "azoi-tíh!"_ = "why don't you (present-routine tense) work?" "i do! (with an positive marker)" _"wa'risp-a izú"_ = "she (went) to the classroom" The rootless complex must come at the end of the sentence, similarly to the "this=that" zero-copula construction: _mald az_ = "i (am) a human" -Stephen (Steg) "survival is insufficient."