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Re: Ergativity

From:Andreas Johansson <andjo@...>
Date:Wednesday, February 25, 2004, 9:36
Quoting "Mark J. Reed" <markjreed@...>:

> Okay, so let me see if I can summarize the terminology: > > Verb Arguments > A = Agent (transitive subject) > P = Patient (transitive object) > S = Subject (intransitive) > > Construct Categories > Name Groupings > Accusative {A, S} {P} > Clairvoyant {A, P, S} > Ergative {A} {S, P} > Monster Raving Loony {A, P} {S} > Tripartite {A} {P} {S} > > Hierachical systems are morphologically and syntactically clairvoyant, but > instead of simply context, they use a formally defined ranking of all > nouns (the "animacy hierarchy") to distinguish A from P in two-argument > constructs.
It should also be possible to have a hierarchical system which is morphologically and syntactically MRL. Given the usual result of me expressing a wish that some feature or pattern is absent from natlangs, I'm not going to say I do hope no natlang is constructed thusly. Andreas