|From:||Jörg Rhiemeier <joerg_rhiemeier@...>|
|Date:||Tuesday, August 5, 2003, 19:39|
Rob Haden <magwich78@...> writes:
> I was wondering if the sentences below demonstrate an ergative distinction
> in Pre-OurTongue:
> Myáya n(w)a thwáya ?yát?ya.
> Me [GEN] you eat.
> I am eating you.
> Myáya n(w)a ?yát?ya.
> Me [GEN] eat.
> I am eating (something).
> Myáya ?yát?ya.
> Me eat.
> I am being eaten (lit. '(Something) is eating me').
> What do y'all think?
Looks like an active-stative system like the one I use in Q
("Elvish"). Here are the sentences in Proto-Q:
Ma tham hatachama.
1SG-AGT 2SG-OBJ eat-2SG.OBJ-1SG.AGT
`I eat you.'
`I eat (something).'
`I am eaten.' (lit. `(Something) eats me.')
An ergative system would use the same case in the second and
third examples, and an antipassive marking on the second example.
The forms in your Pre-OurTongue look very Indo-European.
Is the language related? (Yes, my Proto-Q also looks Indo-European,
and it is indeed related.)