Chinese sound changes
|From:||John Cowan <cowan@...>|
|Date:||Friday, November 13, 1998, 14:59|
Nik Taylor wrote:
> How did the first tone [of Middle Chinese] split?
Syllables with voiceless initial consonants got tone 1; syllables
with voiced initial consonants got tone 2.
Middle Chinese had three voiced aspirated initials (like Shanghainese
today), which can be written [bh] [dh] [gh]. In old tone 1, they became
[ph] [th] [kh] (Pinyin p t k), but in the other tones, they became
[p] [t] [k] (Pinyin b d g).
The old fourth ("entering") tone, which was attached to syllables
ending in -p -t -k, got divided up among the other tones in
a random way when final stops were lost.
John Cowan http://www.ccil.org/~cowan firstname.lastname@example.org
You tollerday donsk? N. You tolkatiff scowegian? Nn.
You spigotty anglease? Nnn. You phonio saxo? Nnnn.
Clear all so! 'Tis a Jute.... (Finnegans Wake 16.5)