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[despammed] Re: conjugating by object

From:Garth Wallace <gwalla@...>
Date:Sunday, January 5, 2003, 20:29
Thomas R. Wier wrote:
> > Cree, like other Algonkian languages, expresses the person of > the actant according to an animacy, not a deixis, hierarchy, > although the two can easily be confused. First and second > (together) persons outrank third person animate proximative, > which outranks third person animate obviative, which outranks > third person inanimate (there is no prox/obv distinction in > inanimates). Crucially, there is no ambiguity in grammatical > relations: who does what to whom is determined by separate > direct or inverse theme markers, which indicate whether the > subject outranks the object on the animacy hierarchy. In > Meskwaki, the language I've been studying for the last quarter, > first and third person affixes do not themselves change: > > (1) newa:pama:wa > ne-wa:pam-a:-w-a > > 'I look at him' > (2) newa:pamekwa > ne-wa:pam-ekw-w-a > > 'He looks a me' > > This thus constitutes an entirely separate system for grammatical > relations, to stand beside nominative-accusative, ergative-absolutive, > Split-S, and Fluid-S systems.
I've heard of nominative-accusative and ergative-absolutive, but not Split-S or Fluid-S systems. Could you explain, or give a link to a good online resource?


daniel andreasson <danielandreasson@...>conjugating by object