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Hopi verbs

From:caeruleancentaur <caeruleancentaur@...>
Date:Monday, January 3, 2005, 17:56
I came across the following in the February, 2000 (I'm a bit
behind!), issue of "Parabola."  The article, by Cynthia S. Larsen, is
entitled "Comes True, Being Hoped For: The Hopi understanding of how
things change."  This issue of "Parabola" had the theme
of "threshold."

"While the English language places events at specific points in time,
Hopi language contains no words or expressions to refer to time, nor
does it have any verb tenses to identify past, present, or future.
Instead, the Hopi consider the world to consist of either that which
we experience as manifest (tunatyava), or that which is in our
hearts and which we are manifesting (tunatya).  The Hopi also
describe the universe in words with no precise English equivalents,
in order to convey ideas about transcendental unification of
experience, intuitions of unseen things, and so-called animistic or
vitalistic beliefs.

"The manifested tunatyava includes all that is and has ever been
accessible to the senses.  The manifesting tunatya includes the
moment of inception in the present, as well as all that we call
future, all that we call mental, and everything that exists in the
heart of animals, plants, things, and nature, as well as the heart of
the cosmos itself.  Tunyata is a dynamic state of infinite,
motionless creativity, which connects through us to bring into being
what is most desired.  The Hopi believe that much of the manifesting
realm of the future is predestined, and that certain manifestations
are inevitable within tunatya: 'It is the realm of expectancy, of
desire and purpose, of vitalizing life, of efficient causes, of
thought thinking itself out from an inner realm (the Hopi heart) into
manifestation.'"  The quote is from "Language, Thought and Reality:
Selected Writings of Benjamin Lee Whorf."

There is an a-acute on the second syllable of those two Hopi words.