Re: Attention Roger! Sanskrit loans in Javanese etc.
|From:||ROGER MILLS <rfmilly@...>|
|Date:||Monday, November 24, 2008, 18:14|
BP Jonsson wrote:
>I guess this is one for Roger primarily.
>I need info on how Sanskrit/Prakrit loans are
>treated in Javanese and other Indonesian lgs.
>What little info I have is suggestive of a
>NE IndoAryan substrate (/@/ > /Q/).
>What happens to the different sibilants
>and the aspirates? I guess the name
>_Bahasa Indonesia_ gives part of the answers! :-)
Ml/Ind "Bahasa" is "basa" ['bQsQ] in modern Jav. and in those regional
langs. that have borrowed it.
>There's a very complete _listing_ of the loans at
http://crcl.th.net/indic/inbyskt.htm Figuring out the phonological
treatment is up to you, he doesn't get into that. But it's rather
straightforward, except for confusion between Skt. /b/ and /v~w/, which tend
to end up as either Jav. /b/ or /w/. Jav. /w/ from an original /b/ probably
indicates an older, acculturated loan. The Old Jav. writing system copied
Skt. almost completely, but the retro. /s./ at least isn't used anymore (as
in "basa" IIRC).
There's also Gonda's "Sanskrit in Indonesia" (1950s)-- a litttle more
analysis, but not IIRC as complete a listing as that website. If you can
locate an Old Javanese (~ Kawi) dictionary (two that I know of), they
probably give the source of most/many words. The one by S. Wojowasito (ed.
by R.Mills, toot toot) definitely does so, though I suspect some errors in
the Skt.; I forget who compiled the other one.
There are several old articles on the Old Malay inscriptions of Ãrivijaya
(by CoedÃ¨s and/or de Casparis) that suggest independent borrowing (or maybe
just a less strict adherence to the Skt. spelling) in that area (South
Old Javanese (the court/literary language) was heavily Sanskritized, a lot
of the more recherchÃ© items have not survived into Mod. Jav.