Vocab exercise, year 2, #1 [Trentish]
|From:||Muke Tever <mktvr@...>|
|Date:||Sunday, October 20, 2002, 0:06|
From: "Aidan Grey" <grey@...>
> The goal here is to get through Longman's dictionary of 2197+ words,
> which should be a good base for anyone.
@whee! .. Eeek!
Er, from here on out <'> by itself is a glottal stop and after a consonant marks
an ejective. I'm too lazy to go back and write /_>/ everywhere.
> Theme: topicalization (make the vocab word the topic or focus of the
> 1. crowd
<'lume-> "many together"
> There was a huge crowd in front of the building.
'lumeupa k'o'etla kwanwola potlikwixë.
"There were a great many people in front of the building"
?lu-me-u=pA k'o?etKA kwA-NwolA po-tKi-kw-ixV
PL-AGG-people=TOP great:many before-building PERF-XER-be-1/3
The <me-> aggregate implies, not exactly crowdedness, but a group of things
together, as opposed to many things separately, which would use <el->. So I
dont think a word for "crowd" particularly would be necessary.
Or, perhaps the English word would be borrowed. It'd come out /khleUt/. So you
Nguñathakhleùmpa kwanwola potlikwixë.
(Yes, that's /t-p/ > [mp].)
> 2. lead
> She led her dog into the field.
<sop'one> "to lead"
Shatwopa luusje po'uusop'onixV.
"The dog was led towards the field by her."
SAtwo-pA lut-sje po-?u:-sop'on-ixV
dog-TOP towards-field PERF-PASS-lead-1/3
Actually, it might be better to do it this way:
Shatwopa luusje po'uucwuxë ty.
"She made the dog go towards the field."
SAtwo-pA lut-sje po-?uu-cw-uxV ty
dog=TOP towards-field PERF-PASS-go-3B/3A CAUS
> Her dog was on a lead.
Liishpa shatwëxinòm poùùshanixë.
li:S-pA SAtw-V-xin=Om po-Uk-SAn-ixV
"leash"=TOP dog-POSS-3SG=NOM PERF-MID-have-1/3
> The pipes are made of lead.
'wolapa 'lumephaipòm poùùxilixë.
?wolA=pA ?lu-me-phAip=Om po-Uk-xil-ixV
lead=TOP PL-AGG-pipe=NOM PERF-MID-make:of-1/3
> 3. ready
> He's ready to go now.
<ùk'ëlo> "to prepare"
Poùkùk'ëlikë, icwexini olo.
"He has prepared, that he may go now"
po-Uk-Uk'Vl-ixV i-cwe-xini olo
PERF-MID-prepare-1/3 FIC-go-3 now
> 4. slow
> Snails are slow.
> He runs slowly, and I bet he won't win the race.
E'othinipa tlilixë, ëlenge twolak'ashewinixë it'uwu.
VleNe two-lA-k'ASe-win-ixV i-t'uwu
therefore PROB-run-event-"win"-1/3 NEG-think
> 5. rent
> I have to pay rent on the 5th of every month.
Er, isn't rent normally a verb? :p (<not'ëë> in Trentish)
Ñësjëinotënot'ëëpa ële twaë thapwunwunwa tlithökhiliñ lonò.
JVsj-V-notV-not'VV=pA Vle twAV thapwu-NwuNwA
price-POSS-NMLZR-rent=TOP month each five-day
> 6. popularity
> This was just a popularity contest.
'oñjeshüshüpa kòm potlikwixë.
?oJje-Sy-Sy-pA k-Om po-tKi-kw-ixV
fame-NMLZR-test=TOP this:INF-NOM PERF-XER-be-1/3
(<kë> is a demonstrative that already has a sort of "I don't think too much of
this" built in, as opposed to the more neutral <öt'>.)
> 7. -ion
> two parts here: first, how are verbal nouns formed?
> act > action, move > motion, see > vision.
<kwë> "be, do"
<kwëkwë> "being, doing"
<cwë> "move, come, go"
<cwëcwë> "motion, moving"
<ñonyñony> "sight, vision, seeing"
> second, the sentence:
> His action was hasty.
> 8. addition
> Even the addition of an extra student increased class sizes beyond
> tolerable limits.
Xishe t'otle ko'etla khlaspa i'uuk'ëëngoñixë!
("They just go and add another student!! Just one is too much to add to the
xiSe t'otKe ko?etKA khlas-pa i-?uu-k'VVNoJ-ixV
one only too:much "class"=TOP FICT-PASS-increase-1/3
> 9. hat
> Today is a say-something hat day!
> 10. pack
> I need to pack for my trip.
'lumeshejëñypa khukhepwëñy ?uùk'ëlixë lonò.
"I need my things for my trip prepared."
?lu-me-Sej-V-Jy-pA khu-khepw-V-Jy ?uu-Uk'Vl-ixV lonO
PL-AGG-thing-POSS-1SG=TOP for-trip-POSS-1SG PASS-prepare-1/3 must
> The pack she wore on the trip was way too heavy.
Thathaepa khukhepwu po'uuthakixë, pomosanemokhekwixë.
thAthAe=pA khu-khepwu po-?uu-thAk-ixV
pack=TOP for-trip PERF-PASS-wear-1/3
...well, that was mildly painful. :-)