Particles and grammatical affixes
|From:||Harald Stoiber <hstoiber@...>|
|Date:||Thursday, March 20, 2003, 23:48|
A bright hello to everybody on the list, :-)
I am asking you the following to get an idea how other people handle
this issue with their conlangs. Maybe it will help me with my own
Once decisions have been made about the phonology and about the basic
layout of grammar, how do you assign the neccessary affixes and/or
particles? Since these tiny bits of language will be very prominent in
all kinds of sentences, they should be chosen carefully, shouldn't they?
I think that they essentially constitute the sound of a language, especially
when it comes to make rhymes in poetry.
Furthermore, if a particular affix has (for example) been assigned to
an inflectional ending, then it may be of limited use for a regular word
ending. Umlaut or ablaut can take over the function of a suffix that can
not be appended - German is quite full of pertinent examples - but the
decision on grammatical morphology obviously has direct implications
for regular word-building itself.
So, how do you select these tiny but important parts of your languages?
Are there any combinations which especially "mix" well with adjacent
words? For example, I thought about the Arabic article "al" and found
out that it goes unobtrusively with most of the words that I tried. Are
there some universals for basic grammatical affixes such as prefixes,
suffixes and short particles?
I am looking forward to your answers. Thank you for taking the time! :-)))