Re: Relative clauses
|From:||Gary Shannon <fiziwig@...>|
|Date:||Wednesday, June 28, 2006, 15:58|
--- caeruleancentaur <caeruleancentaur@...>
> I should
> have written, "I do not want Senjecas to have
> relative pronouns,
> relative adjectives, etc."
> "Have you seen which book he is reading?"
> I believe that in that sentence "which" is a
> relative adjective.
One simple-minded way for a language to avoid such
constructions is to recognize that two distinct events
have taken place and to give each event its own
"I saw the book that John gave you." becomes:
"John gave you a book."
"(Then) I saw same book."
In the sentence "Have you seen which book he is
reading?" there are three events described, (reading,
seeing, inquiring) one of which is hypothetical:
"He is reading a book." (factual)
"You (might) have seen same book." (hypothetical)
"I inguire about truth of second statement." (factual)
The third statement might be replaced with a particle
that indicates a request for validation of the
statement to which it is attached:
"He reads book."
"You have seen same book, eh?"
I can't imagine any relative clause situation which
could not be decomposed into a number of seperate
sentences, each describing one of the events described
by the more complex construction.