Quick language sketch -- Hrondu
|From:||Patrick Dunn <tb0pwd1@...>|
|Date:||Friday, January 26, 2001, 20:01|
Okay, after a drift of doodles and scribbles, I hit on a language idea I
kind of like and might play with for a while. Here's what I got so far.
I beg for comment and criticism.
Nouns are indeclinable for case or number. An optional number particle
(required in pronouns) exists, and can follow nouns in cases of
Noun case is indicated with post-positions. A bare sample follow:
subject -- ya
object -- e
indirect object -- vr
genitive -- we
animate genitive (used for family members, pets, and friends) -- wo
locative -- ni
subject topic -- igaa
object topic -- ye
Verbs decline for aspect and tense, using prefixes and suffixes. All
verbs are given in the present tense/imperative form.
Verbs in the present tense/imperative double the length of the final vowel
to maintain stress on the penultimate mora.
veraa -- love, loves
verasa -- will love
veraga -- loved
verawo -- love oneself
verago -- loved oneself
veraso -- will love oneself
rveraa -- have loved
rverasa -- will have loved
rveraga -- had loved
laveraa -- is loved
suveraa -- cause to love
verau -- would come, if one comes
Verbs also have a form, the construct state, which is used like an
participle, gerund, and supine form all in one. It's formed by suffixing
an -e to the verb.
verae- -- loving
This effectively makes the verb a prefix. When added to a modal verb, it
acts as the compliment of the verb.
tasii -- to need
veraetasii -- needs to love
When added to a noun, it acts as an adjective
veraesaa -- loving man
Irregular verbs end in vocalic -r, -n, -s, or -l, and I haven't figured
them out yet.
Adjectives are stative verbs
Here's a sample text, the first two lines of Wulf and Eadwacer, or, in
Hrondu, Wulefa Edawakaa tu
li we hr wo saa ndu igaa ss e nebu tr kuvasa
I GEN tribe GEN man PL TOPIC he OBJ animal like hunt.FU
The men of my tribe will hunt him like game
ss ya hrecapa ni undau lpa ssndu ya ss e jisa jii!
he SUBJ camp LOC come.COND and they SUBJ he OBJ kill.will kill
If he comes to the camp, they will kill him for sure
Comments, please, I beg of you. :)
Living your life is a task so difficult,
it has never been attempted before.