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Re: DECAL: Examples #1: Phonetic inventory examples & motivations

From:Herman Miller <hmiller@...>
Date:Saturday, January 15, 2005, 2:58
Sai Emrys wrote:

> I may use these during class (which will be recorded), or to print in > lecture notes, online examples, quizzes, problem sets, or the reader. > I will, of course, give credit for anything I use - please include the > name and URL / email you'd like to be credited by (I'll use whatever > your sig lists, as a default).
I suppose I should answer these questions for Tirelat (2004 version), since this is probably the most developed and stable of my languages that I still occasionally spend time with. Herman Miller / Tirelat /
> First off: phonetic / phonemic inventory. > > Q1: What is your *phonemic* inventory? I.e., what are all of the > discriminated phonemes in your conlang(s). (IPA / CXS / X-SAMPA)
Stops: p b t d k g (as in IPA) Affricates: ċ (c with dot above), pronounced [ʦ], CXS [ts)], ż (z with dot above), pronounced [ʣ], CXS [dz)]. Nasals: m n ñ (ñ is pronounced as IPA [ŋ] / CXS [N]) Voiced alveolar tap r: IPA [ɾ], CXS [4] Voiceless alveolar trill ŕ (r with acute accent): IPA [r̥], CXS [r_0] Fricatives: f s z š ž (s and z with wedge) x ġ (g with dot above) š as IPA [ʂ], CXS [s`] ž as IPA [ʐ], CXS [z`] ġ as IPA [ɣ], CXS [G] Voiced lateral approximant l (as in IPA) Voiceless lateral fricative ł: IPA [ɬ], CXS [K]. Approximants: v ŭ ĭ (u and i with breve) v as IPA [ʋ], CXS [v\] ŭ as IPA/CXS [w] ĭ as IPA/CXS [j] Vowels: i e a y ə u o (ə = schwa), both short and long versions of each. y is pronounced as IPA [ɨ], CXS [i\] See for more specific information (including an illustration of how these sounds are written in Vlika script).
> Q2: What are the allophones? I.e., for each phoneme, what are the > "normal" variants that don't change meaning?
Here are some examples from the web page: Voiceless fricatives are pronounced as voiced when adjacent to voiced stops. kĭełbu [ˈcjɛɮbu], CXS: ['cjEK\bu] Before /i/ and /j/ (and finally after /i/), affricates and velar consonants are somewhat palatalized. ċima [ˈʨima], CXS: ['ts\)ima] pxaażi [ˈpxaːdʑi], CXS: ['pxa:dz\)i] Before /u/, labiodental sounds are pronounced as bilabial. kaĭfu [ˈkaːjɸu], CXS: ['ka:jp\u] suuvu [ˈsuːwu], CXS: ['su:wu]
> Q2b: If you have any, what are the connotations / implications of the > different allophones? E.g., do you use them for different dialects, > registers, "accents", etc.?
Not particularly; these are just predictable phonetic variations.
> Q3: How do your choices for the above reflect the goals of your > language? E.g., if it's an auxlang [here!?], it's probably motivated > by having common, strongly "universal" common-use phonetics to > maximize learnability. So, for whatever your goals are for the > conlang, how do they apply to the choices you made for phonetics / > phonology?
Tirelat has had a complex history, and the goals have changed since the original concept. The phonology has also undergone a huge series of changes. Some of the sounds, such as the voiceless trill (and even more unusual sounds in older versions of the language) are included simply for their rarity; others (like the lateral fricative) because I like the sound.