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From: Gerald Koenig Friday, September 25, 1998, 3:20
```                      Speakable Vector Spatial Tense

The original post of the spatial vector system was more of an outline
than a working system. Since its publication NGL has acquired an
alphabet and a vocabulary making possible this first assignment of
words to concepts such that speech is possible using VStense. Questions
by users are most welcome.  I wish to thank Jack Durst for his initial
encouragement and John Cowan for the list of English space words I
borrowed from his works. All NGL words are original coinings. Questions
are always welcome.

SPACE VECTOR WORDS SUMMARY

Type of Coordinate System      Vector Types          Other

ANTHROPOMORPHIC:  wos        DISPLACEMENT: dis       DEXTRO: de
MATH:             mas        PATH:         pas       LEVO:   le
PHYSICS:          pis        VELOCITY      ves  [@]  SET ORIGIN: os
ACCELERATION  ses  [#]  SET DESTINATION fis
FUZZY: fus

BASIS VECTOR AXES:
i: il  -i: nail |  right, left; if ANTHROPOMORPHIC (wos)
j: ju  -j: naju |  front, back; if ANTHROPOMORPHIC
k: ko  -k: nako |     up, down; if ANTHROPOMORPHIC
---------------------

pas-->paz as combiner

DIS              PAS          VES              SES
static          dynamic      change of v_   rate of change
s word  displacement v_.  path v_.  velocity v_.     Acceleration v_.
all locations    motions   how fast?        change of speed &
of "objects"    on a path  what direction?  change of direction
modifier.        modifier.
-------------------   -----   ------------            ---------
VECTORS, WOS, person centered type of origin.
i
Column  II means column I. pazij means "is going rightward."
I             II
DIS      DIS             PAS            PAS      VES          SES
i ij      right    going rightward   pazij    vezij       sezij
-i naij    left     going leftward    paznaij  veznaij     seznaij
j ju      front    going forward     pazju    vezju       sezju
-j naju    back     going backward    paznaju  veznaju     seznaju
k ko      above    going upward      pazko    vezko       sezko
-k nako    below    going downward    paznako  veznako     seznako
-----------------------------------------------------------------
nir     within         going into     paznir   veznir      seznir
rur     surrounding    is revolving   pazrur   vezrur      sezrur
pir     penetrated     is penetrating pazpir   vezpir      sezpir
jas     next to        is passing     pazjas   vezjas      sezjas
tor     towards        is arriving    paztor   veztor      seztor
liv     away from      is departing   pazliv   vezliv      sezliv
xos     inward         is approaching pazxos   vezxos      sezxos
tos     outward        is receding    paztos   veztos      seztos
zoz     re xos se tos  is oscillating paszoz   veszoz      seszoz
tan     tangential  moving on tangent paztan   veztan      seztan
kon     coincident  moving>coincide   pazkon   vezkon      sezkon
dej     edge (of)      (need preps)
par     alongside   moving parallel   pazpar   vezpar      sezkar
ton     on (surface)    moving on     pazon    vezon       sezon

A few examples: (more to follow)

The midline was to my left.
mi pa naij :midline:.
I past left-of-me [was-located] midline.
The static vectors are all locatives.
speaker is default origin of wos (anthropomorphic) system.

he was to the right of the midline.
ha pa ij os :midline:.
he past located right of origin midline. ha pa contracts to hap.

They were driving on the right of the midline.
Su am :drive: pazij os:midline.
They [past progressive] drive [on a trajectory] to the right of an origin
defined as the midline. Su am contracts to sam.

She was talking while passing the car  at 95
wo am tok ko 95 vezliv :car:
she [past progressive] talk [containing the action of] at 95 velocity leave
[liv] the car.

and going up the hill.
& fuz vezko hill.
and [fuzzy claim] her velocity is up (ko) on a hill. ie not straight up.

Jill had gone up the hill.
Jill paj pazko :hill.

Jill [past perfect] moved on an upward [ko] path [paz] on the hill.

The path or motion vector contains within itself the idea of motion. A
verb of motion is not necessary.

Gerald Koenig
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NGL is a language for the future.
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