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Re: OT: YAEPT: English low vowels (was briefly: Re: Y/N variants (< OT: English a...

From:Paul Roser <pkroser@...>
Date:Tuesday, December 18, 2007, 0:06
On Sun, 16 Dec 2007 19:56:58 -0600, Eric Christopherson <rakko@...>

>On Dec 15, 2007, at 1:34 PM, Paul Roser wrote: > >> On Fri, 14 Dec 2007 14:22:52 -0500, ROGER MILLS <rfmilly@...> >> wrote: >>> (These special symols had a heavy dot on on the end of the upper >>> curve of >>> [a] and reversed-c.) >> >> Those symbols sound like two of the additions included in Gordon >> Peterson & June Shoup's proposed physiological- and auditory-based >> phonetics, published in the 1966 Journal of Speech and Hearing. >> It's actually quite well thought out, though some of their ideas have >> been superceded by recent phonetic research (such as the work of >> Esling, Edmondson & Harris on states of the glottis, voice quality & >> pharyngeal-laryngeal articulation). Peterson & Shoup's phonetic chart >> incorporated vowels and consonants into one chart, with >> pharyngeals and glottals below vowels. >> >> -Bfowol > >By "below vowels", do you mean they were classed as vowels in the chart?
No, the vowels were in a sort of triangular arrangement underneath the oral consonants, extending from post-alveolar (called Palatal-1) to post-velar (called Velar-2) with a great many additional boxes inserted into the palatal region to account for the vowels (Palatal-1 thru Palatal-5, plus Palatovelar covering the front and central vowels, Velar-1 & Velar-2 covering the back vowels). Left of Velar-2 is Uvular which covers the true uvulars, plus those consonants made in the pharyngeal and laryngeal/glottal zone(s), so the consonant section of the chart takes a sort of right angle bend with some blank space where the vowels occur. There are actually three parameters indicated on the chart: 1) Horizontal place of articulation: (bilabial, unilabial, linguadental, alveolar, palatal-1/5, palatovelar, velar-1/2, uvular 2) Vertical place of articulation: closed (including nasal, stop, flap &amp; trill), very close (sibilant & fricative), close (sonorant), high-1/3, mid-1/2, low-1/3 (vowels), pharyngeal, glottal 3) Manner of articulation: nasal, stop, flap, trill, sibilant, fricative, sonorant, vowel (stop, flap & fricative make right turns to include articulations in the pharyngeal & glottal region, though now I think trill would also have to be included, and some revision would be needed to account for epiglottal and the other mechanisms that have recently been described). --Bfowol