Re: OT: YAEPT: English low vowels (was briefly: Re: Y/N variants (< OT: English a...
|From:||Paul Roser <pkroser@...>|
|Date:||Tuesday, December 18, 2007, 0:06|
On Sun, 16 Dec 2007 19:56:58 -0600, Eric Christopherson <rakko@...>
>On Dec 15, 2007, at 1:34 PM, Paul Roser wrote:
>> On Fri, 14 Dec 2007 14:22:52 -0500, ROGER MILLS <rfmilly@...>
>>> (These special symols had a heavy dot on on the end of the upper
>>> curve of
>>> [a] and reversed-c.)
>> Those symbols sound like two of the additions included in Gordon
>> Peterson & June Shoup's proposed physiological- and auditory-based
>> phonetics, published in the 1966 Journal of Speech and Hearing.
>> It's actually quite well thought out, though some of their ideas have
>> been superceded by recent phonetic research (such as the work of
>> Esling, Edmondson & Harris on states of the glottis, voice quality &
>> pharyngeal-laryngeal articulation). Peterson & Shoup's phonetic chart
>> incorporated vowels and consonants into one chart, with
>> pharyngeals and glottals below vowels.
>By "below vowels", do you mean they were classed as vowels in the chart?
No, the vowels were in a sort of triangular arrangement underneath the oral
consonants, extending from post-alveolar (called Palatal-1) to post-velar
(called Velar-2) with a great many additional boxes inserted into the
palatal region to account for the vowels (Palatal-1 thru Palatal-5, plus
Palatovelar covering the front and central vowels, Velar-1 & Velar-2
covering the back vowels). Left of Velar-2 is Uvular which covers the true
uvulars, plus those consonants made in the pharyngeal and laryngeal/glottal
zone(s), so the consonant section of the chart takes a sort of right angle
bend with some blank space where the vowels occur.
There are actually three parameters indicated on the chart:
1) Horizontal place of articulation: (bilabial, unilabial, linguadental,
alveolar, palatal-1/5, palatovelar, velar-1/2, uvular
2) Vertical place of articulation: closed (including nasal, stop, flap &
trill), very close (sibilant & fricative), close (sonorant), high-1/3,
mid-1/2, low-1/3 (vowels), pharyngeal, glottal
3) Manner of articulation: nasal, stop, flap, trill, sibilant, fricative,
sonorant, vowel (stop, flap & fricative make right turns to include
articulations in the pharyngeal & glottal region, though now I think trill
would also have to be included, and some revision would be needed to account
for epiglottal and the other mechanisms that have recently been described).