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Re: some preliminary Prevli

From:Jörg Rhiemeier <joerg_rhiemeier@...>
Date:Tuesday, November 6, 2007, 10:18

On Mon, 5 Nov 2007 18:47:52 -0500, Roger Mills wrote:

> It's time to let y'all know what's going on.... > > The sound system is: p b t d k g m n N r l s z y h; vowels i e a u o -- but > these are only the "underlying" phonemes. A lot happens on the way to the > surface. > > Underlying forms of lexemes can be V(C), CV(C), CVV(C)-- these are rare; > most are (C)VCV and (C)VCVC. A handful of loans and frozen compounds have CC > clusters in initial and/or medial position-- _prevli_ itself is one such > /peda/ 'tongue' + /bili/ 'speak'). Underlying stress in on the penult.
Let me guess: *pedabili > *perevili > prevli ?
> CVCV nouns and verbs keep that form, though the final V can be dropped. > CVCVC forms > surface C1VC2VC3 (with some mutations) or undergo final-VC > metathesis > C1VC2C3V (also with mutations depending on the resulting > cluster)-- this last is the common form for nouns and realis > verbs/adjectives. I haven't quite decided what will be the function of the > unmetathesized forms, though for verbs I think it's a gerund/infinitive...
This looks very interesting - a whiff of triconsonantalrootism, but not quite that.
> Final C mutation: in absolute final position (CVCVC) /ptk/ voice > bdg; both > final and medial /bdg/ lenit > BrG; others are unaffected. BTW, all C except > /y h/ can occur in final pos.
> Vowel harmony: in CVCVC and CVCCV, the unstressed final /i a u/ change as > follows: i--u > i--ü, e--u > e--ö, i/e--a > i/e--& (written ä a-uml); u--i > > u--ü, o--i > o--ö, u/o--a > u/o--O (written å a-ring); a--i > a--e, a--u > > > a--o. (/e o/ do not occur in final unstr. syllables). There are slightly > different rules for /i a u/ in CVCV and CVV(C) forms :-) Some exs: /sapit/ > > saped, sapte, /subat/ > suvOd, suftO. /sagud/ > saGor, saGro etc.
This looks interesting and makes perfect sense.
> The irrealis form of the verb has initial CV metathesis and final stress/no > V-harm., with more phonetic changes to the resulting clusters); exs. /sapit/ > > aSpít (vl.stops don't mutate); /sagud/ > aZGúr (vd.stops do, at least so > far...). A CVCV form /koba/ kovo 'to go' > okfá
An interesting morphology, I must say.
> Realis passive infixes /-i-/ /s-i-apit/ siapte > S&pte, again, more changes > to the palatalized initial C; irrealis passive prefixes it: /i-aspit/ > > y&Spit; etc. All this is set forth in extensive tables in the current draft > of the grammar....
This looks nice, too.
> Then there are several verbal aspects (right term?): inchoative > (becoming...), causative, desiderative (want to...), obligative (have to..., > must...), debitive (ought to, should...), prospective (about to...), > intentive (going to...), potential (can, able to...) and progressive > (; these are mutually exclusive, that is, if /ziza/ 'eat' > caus. > /ap-ziza/ abzize 'feed s.o.', you can't have a combined form meaning "I must > feed him"-- in that case, the modal "must" has to be in its independent form > (with pronoun suffix) followed by the caus. form. + I-him pronoun form.
More precisely, these are _aktionsarten_ (singular _aktionsart_), but they are indeed often referred to as aspects, so your usage is OK, I'd say.
> All these aspectual forms can be realis, irrealis, active/passive and even > imperative, semantics permitting. Oh-- and tenses-- present (unmarked), past > /-d/, future /-l/, and irrealis-conditional /-s/. I think I shall indicate > the perfects with a particle. > > Enough for now. It's lotsa fun. :-)))))
It is. This looks like a very interesting language, and I definitely enjoyed reading your post. Keep it up! ... brought to you by the Weeping Elf


ROGER MILLS <rfmilly@...>