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Re: Do you speak english?

From:Cian Ross <cian@...>
Date:Saturday, April 1, 2006, 7:51
On Mon, 2006-03-27 at 02:38 +0200, Remi Villatel wrote:

> An easy translation exercise: > Do you speak [insert your conlang name]?
: = preceding vowel is long ` = preceding vowel has primary accent but is short ^ = preceding vowel is long and has primary accent A:n lo:custe yn i Veldane:assu lingwassu? A:n lo:cu.ste yn i Veldane:a.ssu lingwa.ssu? QUEST talk.2ND-SG with[1] the Veldan.PREP-SG language.PREP-SG [1] 'Yn' always denotes a means by which something is done. This is something of a hard question to ask in Taroan...the speakers don't have a separate name for their own language ('Taroan' derives from a foreigner's misunderstanding). The closest to a name would be "bahonga 'ta roa" (= what it takes to talk), so a naive translation could come out meaning something like "Are you able to speak?" :) A native speaker, if the matter came up, might ask: No nui so roa ye nau no? N.o nui so roa ye nau n.o QUEST.FUT maybe you speak like we/us QUEST.FUT Au kyete stxvha Kyet Kenawme? QUEST speak.[1] you.ERG.[2] talk our [x = schwa, vh = voiced bilabial fricative] [1] The terminal -e is in harmony/agreement with the last vowel in the head word of the patient (Kyet). [2] -vh- is the ergative marker, obligatorily followed by a vowel in harmony with the last vowel in the root. Lokwandazelokwutan? Lokwandaze lokwu t an Lokwandaze speak 2ND-SG QUEST Auchtayeisi Lichom Ainteroino`som? Licho.m Ainteroino.`som? speak.OPT.2ND-SG tongue.ABS-SG Second-People.GEN-PL A:n sprecast Anglysc? A:n sprec.ast Anglysc? QUEST speak.2ND-SG Anglysc And, finally, from the lamentably defunct Arda project: Te:lel O:radiendelsae^n? Te:l.el O:radiendelsa.e^n speak.2ND-SG O:radiendelsa.ACC A polite/deferential/honorific form uses the optative: Teislel O:radiendelsae^n? Teisl.el O:radiendelsa.e^n speak(OPT).2ND-SG O:radiendelsa.ACC 2ND = second person ABS = absolutive GEN = genetive ERG = ergative FUT = future tense OPT = optative PL = plural PREP = prepositional QUEST = question-marker SG = singular Cian Ross