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Re: Update on me: Elliott (LONG)

From:Roger Mills <romilly@...>
Date:Saturday, September 29, 2001, 23:49
Elliott Lash wrote:
>Let's look at the vowels one vowel at a time. >----- >THE VOWEL E > >E has many different allophones according to place. And yes you are right,
some of the transcription I used in my previous email were...incorrect. I have remedied that.
> >at the beginning of the word it is mostly [I]. However, in a few words...or
more specifically, certain forms, it is pronounced [i] in this same position.
> > Examples: > ergvol "knight" [Irgvov] > eshgir "he went" [iSgir] > >It will be seen that [i] appears when /E/ is the prefix indicating past in
some verbs. Originally however this /E/ was also pronounce [I]. It was only under the influence of Jsm "I was" /iz@m/ (<*[@js@m]) that the sound changed.
> >The other time that /E/ -> at the beginning of the word (and also in
general) when it is followed by /s, n, m/
> >Examples: > Em /im/ > Es /is/
Just based on these examples, I detect a rule: /e/ > I / #_CCC... > i / #_C(C)... but evidently that doesn't work in other environments. No matter (but I think it could be adjusted to work) (snips)
>When /a/ precedes /l/ several possibilities occur, depending on where /l/
is in the word.
> >When /l/ appears before vowels, then /a/ -> [o] and the /l/ -> [v] (<*[w]) > >Examples: > shnalal "to know" [SnovO] > >When /l/ appears at the end of the word, the /a/ and /l/ coellesce to form
> >Example: > shnalal "to know" [SnovO]
If you were to cite these in the reverse order, a more logical and natural progression results: 1. -al(#,V) > O (presumably due to velarization/ u-vocalization of /l/. 2. in the sequence ...OO..., break hiatus with "homorganic" [v]-- this in fact suggests to me that there may be some kind of underlying remnant (say [w]?) of the /l/. Do other sequences of like vowels also insert some hiatus breaker? One would expect it. Is /a/ the only vowel affected by /l/? What about other back vowels, if there are any? (Aha-- I see ergvol /ergvov above. good)
>When /l/ appears before consonants then /a/ -> [a] and the /l/ dissapears. > >Example: > krvalshu "reading" (present participle) [krvaSu]
This doesn't fit with the above development; but it could happen. (Just riding my hobby-horse here. These are very nice developments. I have dealt with a natlang with something similar-- /l/ > 0 between any sequence of a/u-- i.e. a-a, a-u, u-u, u-a; and the analyst had also devised a seemingly strange writing system ;-)