Re: Nouns with arguments, verbs without arguments
|From:||John Cowan <cowan@...>|
|Date:||Saturday, April 12, 2003, 16:51|
Pablo David Flores scripsit:
> Are there really such verbs, that colloquial use cannot make
> transitive? I'd thought of |llover| too, but then there's this
> usage that allows a direct object (as in English). I thought
> harder and there's |dormir| 'sleep', but not surprisingly, you
> can say |dormir una siesta| 'take a nap'. Same for any
> intransitive verb I can imagine, at least in Spanish.
English has enough verbs that can be used transitively or intransitively,
to the despair of speakers of Quechua, Esperanto, or Turkish, but the
process is lexically very sensitive: giving "sleep" or "go" a direct
object is outrageously non-English. The exception is the even more
lexically restricted use of experiencer-subject verbs as patient-subject
verbs without any marking: "this bed sleeps five [people]", e.g.
This can even be done in reverse with a few verbs like "eat": "I eat the
roast pork" is normal, "the roast pork eats very well" is patient-subject.
John Cowan http://www.ccil.org/~cowan email@example.com
To say that Bilbo's breath was taken away is no description at all. There
are no words left to express his staggerment, since Men changed the language
that they learned of elves in the days when all the world was wonderful.