Re: Enclitic Articles
|From:||Andreas Johansson <andjo@...>|
|Date:||Friday, January 12, 2007, 20:37|
Quoting Eric Christopherson <rakko@...>:
> On Jan 11, 2007, at 5:11 PM, daniel prohaska wrote:
> > Many languages develop their articles from older demonstratives.
> > Take Latin
> > for example, with a relatively free syntax, allowed for a position
> > before or
> > after the noun it describes, e.g.: <ille lupus> or <lupus ille>
> > This variation in syntax is reflected in the modern Romance
> > languages, e.g.
> > Italian <il lupo> vs. Romanian <lupul>.
> And Romanian apparently put its articles at the end because other
> languages in the Balkan sprachbund, to which it belongs, have them
> after nouns. (But note that Greek, which also belongs to that
> sprachbund, puts its articles before nouns.)
> Besides Romanian, Aramaic has an enclitic definite article. I'm not
> sure where it came from.
The Scandinavian languages have enclitic definite articles like -inn, -en, -et,
-na, also derived from demonstratives. They coöccur in somewhat complex
patterns with prepostioned definite articles à la English or French.