Gz^rod|in (Some changes)
|From:||Adrian Morgan <morg0072@...>|
|Date:||Saturday, March 18, 2000, 1:06|
I've made some changes to the language as so far
Changes to Alphabet and Phonetics
I've dropped 'v'.
I've dropped the rule that 'h' between two vowels
is pronounced as a consonantal 'y'. Instead, if a
'yy' is followed by a vowel, it is now pronounced
as though there were a consonantal 'y' in
The phonetic range of 'oo' has been extended so
that it covers not only the _o_ in _gone_ but
also the pure vowel derived from _oar_.
The diphthong _oar_ has been banished from the
Where there were previously two versions of a
vowel/dipthong (in which a final 'r' sound might
or might not have been articulated), I have now
made a definite decision in each case:
- eq, eer, yyq, yyr maintained.
- oq, oor dropped as previously stated.
- ^^ maintained; ^q, ^^r dropped.
- rr maintained; rrq dropped.
'r' can no longer possess a diacritical mark.
I've formalised the choice between 'o' and 'iu'
for the present/timeless tense:
'o' is generally used if the mood is other than
an ordinary statement. If the sentence /is/ a
statement, then 'iu' is used if the following
word is monosyllabic, or if its first vowel is
an 'o', an 'i' or a diphthong beginning with
'o' or 'i'. The diphthong 'iww' is an exception,
as it is not spelt phonetically. These are
standard guidelines, not rules, and the other
factor is that 'o' tends to deemphasise the
tense while 'iu' brings attention to it.
The suffix meaning, "Being the subject of <verb>"
was previously -iu, which sometimes replaced the
final syllable. Now, the suffix is -iu only if
the previous word ends in a consonant; otherwise
it is -riu, or else -diu if the previous
consonant was an 'r' or the final vowel an 'rr'.
As previously discussed, I've modified the rules
about byverbials so that a verb becomes a
byverbial adjective simply by having the
byverbial suffix, without the need for the en-
prefix to convert it to an adjective first. For
negative byverbials, the en- is retained so that
g^nen- is effectively the prefix for the
negative of any byverbial that was derived from
* * *
Yesterday's quota discussed rules about whether
adjectives are placed before or after the noun,
showing that the language is neither head final
nor head initial. It also discussed whether
adverbs come before or after the verb, and
described the difference, both in structure and
usage, between the two forms of passive
sentence. I continue to assume that no news is
good news wrt the workability of my ideas.