5 phonemes, was: Another phonological extreme
|From:||Vasiliy Chernov <bc_@...>|
|Date:||Thursday, July 20, 2000, 18:33|
Yes, I know Im abusing a certain understanding of phonology... but
here is it: a system of only 5 phonemes, which sprang out while I
was revising Ija.
The name of the new language is Miituu - or, to use a transcription
more faithful to the original, <Mekprrp> :)
The explanation scheme is same as with Ija.
I look forward to your comments, folks!
C: p k m
V: r= e
Allowed syllable structures: (C)V(C)
No restrictions on syllable combinations within a word. Besides,
intervocalic _p_ and _k_ (but not _m_) can be geminated. Such 'true
geminates' are distinct from the combinations ...Vk.kV... and
...Vp.pV... that can appear on morpheme boundaries etc.
2. Surface realizations
C: /p t k s m n r j/
short - /a i u/
long - /aa ii uu/
diphthongs - /ai aw iw/
nasalized - /aN iN uN/
(No other vowel clusters are allowed within a word)
The nasal component of the nasalized vowels assimilates to the
following /p t k m n/, yielding /mp nt Nk mm nn/.
Word-initial clusters: /pj kj mj/ (i. e. dentals don't combine with
Medial clusters: a) same as in word-initial position; b) /p t k s/
can be geminated, also /p k/ when followed by /j/; c) combinations
emerging due to the assimilation of nasalized vowels (including
geminated /nn mm mmj/) - see above.
Only short vowels can appear before clusters not occurring in the
Combinations /ji, jii, jiw, jiN/ are impossible.
No other restrictions on sound combinations.
3. Deep to surface
a) Vowel contraction and emerging glides
To avoid the mistake I made with Ija, for Miituu I state explicitly
that the contraction rules work right-to-left. The subordination of
rules is as follows:
r= (+V) /r/
otherwise er= /a/; otherwise r= /u/
otherwise ee /ja/; otherwise e /i/
b) Syllable-final consonant transformations
Syllable-final consonants (except _p_ and _k_ in 'true' geminates)
are treated as follows:
ap /aw/ ak /ai/ am /aN/
up /uu/ uk /aa/ um /uN/
ip /iw/ ik /ii/ im /iN/
c) Reforming the clusters with /r/
pr /t/ (ppr /tt/)
kr /s/ (kkr /ss/)
mr /n/ (Nmr /nn/)
d) Trivial: assimilation of nasals
Np /mp/ (also Npj /mpj/), Nt /nt/
Nm /mm/ (also Nmj /mmj/; also Nn /nn/, mentioned above)
4. Some examples (derivates of same roots)
/mussa/ mr=kkr=.e.r= (with a 'true' geminate)
/mukkuju/ mr=kkr=.e.e.r= (same)
See also the language's name above.