Question about pharyngealized consonants?
|From:||Danny Wier <dawier@...>|
|Date:||Sunday, November 5, 2000, 4:43|
Did some more work on Quaelits just now. I was still lamenting over what
to do with the "geminates" of Proto-North Caucasian, which occur
initially as well as medially.
Then I came up with an idea. The "geminates" will be pharyngealized.
Since stops and affricates are voiced/voiceless/ejective, I could map the
laryngeal components to the six laryngeals (three pharyngeals, three
glottals) and have a sextuple system -- I'll give examples for velars:
"lenis": k' k g
"fortis": k~' k~ g~
For fricatives, there are four, and I'll give alveolar sibilants here:
"lenis": s z
"fortis": s~ z~
Here are the six laryngeals of Q:
glottal: h\ h ? (h\ = IPA h curved top, the voiced [h])
pharyngeal: ?- h- ?\ (?\ = reversed ?, the voiced [h-])
One can also use the terms "tense" and "lax"; a lot easier to say than
"geminate" and "ungeminate".
This gives this elven language a whole new level of "gutturality".
Fortunately words are pretty easy in terms of C/V structure; lexical
roots are mainly CVCV, CVCCV, CVCVCCV, etc.
Any natlang examples of this?
Also, I also changed the accent to a non-phonemic tendency to stress the
penultimate syllable, or maybe the initial (primary stress) with
secondary stress on the penultimate...
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